Complications after arthroplasty often result in irreversible disability. In some cases for the extremity to be salvaged, the permanent knee joint arthrodesis is the last-chance procedure. Modular implant design simplifies surgical technique but modularity may potentially compromise mechanical strength of an implant. Mechanical properties of the implant are particularly important in case of knee arthrodesis without bone-on-bone contact where forces during gait and weight bearing are transmitted directly through the nail. The aim of this article was to perform comparative analysis of the mechanical properties of modular nail CHARFIX2 FN, when compared to the femoral nail, used for knee arthrodesis; and to analyze the effectiveness of treatment with use of this nail based on the observations of clinical cases.
Comparative analysis of: the static 4-point bending test, dynamic 4-point bending test and static torsion test. All tests were performed in accordance with requirements of ASTM F 1264. A clinical analysis of 5 cases, in which CHARFIX2 FN nails were used, was also performed.
Based on the results of mechanical tests, the strength characteristics of CHARFIX2 FN nail have been found superior and more advantageous than corresponding features of the standard femoral nail. For CHARFIX2 FN nail, the median for flexural stiffness was almost 4 times higher and for maximum torque value was almost 2 times higher when compared to the femoral nail. Observations of the clinical cases gave satisfactory results.
The obtained mechanical tests present significant differences between CHARFIX2 FN and the femoral nail in mechanical strength and, therefore, its improved stability and safety for patients during walking. It can be used for permanent knee immobilization with satisfactory clinical results. The functional outcomes and subjective measurements of pain in patients treated with CHARFIX2 FN group are satisfying.