To develop a regression neural network for the reconstruction of lesion probability maps on Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting using echo-planar imaging (MRF-EPI) in addition to T 1 , T 2 * , NAWM, and GM- probability maps.
We performed MRF-EPI measurements in 42 patients with multiple sclerosis and 6 healthy volunteers along two sites. A U-net was trained to reconstruct the denoised and distortion corrected T 1 and T 2 * maps, and to additionally generate NAWM-, GM-, and WM lesion probability maps.
WM lesions were predicted with a dice coefficient of 0.61±0.09 and a lesion detection rate of 0.85±0.25 for a threshold of 33%.
The network jointly enabled accurate T 1 and T 2 * times with relative deviations of 5.2% and 5.1% and average dice coefficients of 0.92±0.04 and 0.91±0.03 for NAWM and GM after binarizing with a threshold of 80%.
DL is a promising tool for the prediction of lesion probability maps in a fraction of time. These might be of clinical interest for the WM lesion analysis in MS patients.