Background Published data have reported the relationships between MTHFR A1298C polymorphisms and cervical cancer susceptibility. However, the conclusions of these findings lack consistency.
Methods A comprehensive literature search was performed using Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Wan Fang and CNKI databases. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to evaluate the correlation of MTHFR A1298C polymorphism and cervical cancer risk. Fixed-effects or random effects models was adopted according to heterogeneity test.
Results A total of nine studies (1145 cases and 1690 controls) were included in this meta-analysis. Pooled data revealed that MTHFR A1298C polymorphism was significantly associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer in the allele model (P=0.028); the recessive model (P=0.028); and the heterozygous model (P=0.031).
Conclusions Our results revealed that MTHFR A1298C polymorphism was associated with risk of cervical cancer.