1.Griswold MG, Fullman N, Hawley C, Arian N, Zimsen SR, Tymeson HD, et al. Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The Lancet. 2018;392(10152):1015–35.
2.Room R, Graham K, Rehm J, Jernigan D, Monteiro M. Drinking and its burden in a global perspective: policy considerations and options. European Addiction Research. 2003;9(4):165–75.
3.Rehm J, Mathers C, Popova S, Thavorncharoensap M, Teerawattananon Y, Patra J. Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders. The lancet. 2009;373(9682):2223–33.
4.Babor T. CR, Casswell S., Edwards G., Giesbrecht N., Graham K. et al. Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity: Research and Public Policy. 2nd ed. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 2010.
5.Manthey J, Shield KD, Rylett M, Hasan OS, Probst C, Rehm J. Global alcohol exposure between 1990 and 2017 and forecasts until 2030: a modelling study. The Lancet. 2019.
6.Danielsson AK, Wennberg P, Hibell B, Romelsjö A. Alcohol use, heavy episodic drinking and subsequent problems among adolescents in 23 European countries: does the prevention paradox apply? Addiction. 2012;107(1):71–80.
7.McCambridge J, Mialon M, Hawkins B. Alcohol industry involvement in policymaking: a systematic review. Addiction. 2018;113(9):1571–84.
8.Kreitman N. Alcohol Consumption and the Preventive Paradox. British journal of addiction. 1986;81(3):353–63.
9.Caetano R, Mills BA. The Hispanic Americans Baseline Alcohol Survey (HABLAS): Is the “prevention paradox” applicable to alcohol problems across Hispanic national groups? Alcoholism: clinical and experimental research. 2011;35(7):1256–64.
10.Caetano R, Mills B, Pinsky I, Zaleski M, Laranjeira R. The distribution of alcohol consumption and the prevention paradox in Brazil. Addiction. 2012;107(1):60–8.
11.Rossow I, Romelsjö A. The extent of the ‘prevention paradox’in alcohol problems as a function of population drinking patterns. Addiction. 2006;101(1):84–90.
12.Kraus L, Baumeister SE, Pabst A, Orth B. Association of average daily alcohol consumption, binge drinking and alcohol-related social problems: Results from the German Epidemiological Surveys of Substance Abuse. Alcohol & Alcoholism. 2009;44(3):314–20.
13.Stockwell T, Hawks D, Lang E, Rydon P. Unravelling the preventive paradox for acute alcohol problems. Drug and Alcohol Review. 1996;15(1):7–15.
14.Gmel G, Klingemann S, Müller R, Brenner D. Revising the preventive paradox: the Swiss case. Addiction. 2001;96(2):273–84.
15.Skog OJ. The prevention paradox revisited. Addiction. 1999;94(5):751–7.
16.Poikolainen K, Paljärvi T, Mäkelä P. Alcohol and the preventive paradox: serious harms and drinking patterns. Addiction. 2007;102(4):571–8.
17.World Health Organization. Global status report on alcohol and health.. Geneva: 2014.
18.Department of Health I. Healthy Ireland survey 2018: summary of findings. Dublin: 2018.
19.Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Alcohol consumption 2019 [June 2019]. Available from: https://data.oecd.org/healthrisk/alcohol-consumption.htm.
20.Long JM, D. Alcohol consumption in Ireland 2013: analysis of a national alcohol diary survey. Dublin: Health Research Board, 2014.
21.Government of Ireland. Public Health Alcohol Act. 2018.
22.Kessler RC, Ustun TB. The World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative Version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2004;13(2):93–121.
23.Rehm J, Anderson P, Barry J, Dimitrov P, Elekes Z, Feijao F, et al. Prevalence of and potential influencing factors for alcohol dependence in Europe. European Addiction Research. 2015;21(1):6–18.
24.Dawson DA. Alternative definitions of high risk for impaired driving: the overlap of high volume, frequent heavy drinking and alcohol dependence. Drug and alcohol dependence. 1999;54(3):219–28.
25.Caetano R. Non-response in alcohol and drug surveys: a research topic in need of further attention. Addiction. 2001;96(11):1541–5.
26.Lahaut VM, Jansen HA, Van de Mheen D, Garretsen HF. Non-response bias in a sample survey on alcohol consumption. Alcohol and Alcoholism. 2002;37(3):256–60.
27.Meiklejohn J, Connor J, Kypri K. The effect of low survey response rates on estimates of alcohol consumption in a general population survey. PloS one. 2012;7(4):e35527.
28.Mäkelä P, Mustonen H, Lintonen T. Connection between drinking context choices and self‐reported alcohol‐related social harm: Results from the Finnish Drinking Habit Survey 2008. Drug and alcohol review. 2016;35(2):187–95.