In this manuscript, we reported the design and prediction of two oxadiazole-based cage-like molecules and their derivatives using density function theory (DFT). The heats formation and detonation properties were calculated using Hess’s law and Kamlet-Jacobs equations with B3PW91 method. The molecular stability and geometry were analyzed using M06-2X method and molecular crystal structures were predicted based on Monte Carlo simulation, while chemical reactive sites were judged using PBE0 method based on Fukui function. The theoretical calculation result proved that the designed molecules exhibit ideal symmetric cage-like geometry and show superior physicochemical and detonation properties. Compared with traditional energetic materials, the designed molecules display more positive solid heats formation and lower sensitivity. The designed molecules could be considered as promising HEDM candidates with potential synthesis and application value.