Chromosomal mosaicism and aneuploidies are routine phenomena throughout human pre- and post-implantation development. The benefit of implanting mosaicism or aneuploidies is still controversial. The purposes of the study are to investigate the developmental potential of embryos with chromosomally segmental or mosaic abnormalities, and whether precise Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) resolution would reduce the development of an abnormal embryo in preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) cycles.
The peripheral blood of 17 PGT babies were collected for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and were compared with trophectoderm (TE) biopsy results at different NGS resolutions.
76.5% (13/17) of babies’ peripheral blood chromosome analysis was consistent with 10Mb TE biopsies and 58.8% (10/17) of babies’ analysis was consistent with 4Mb TE biopsies. 2 babies who had euploid TE showed abnormal peripheral blood chromosome analysis. 17.6% (3/17) embryos with aberrant TE biopsies produced healthy babies. Although the sensitivity of 10Mb was lower than 4Mb (25% vs. 50%), the specificity (100% vs. 76.9%), PPV (100% vs. 40%) and diagnostic accuracy (82.4% vs. 70.6%) of 10Mb showed better results than 4Mb.
The chromosomal results between peripheral blood samples and TE biopsies of born babies are not completely congruent. Aneuploid and mosaic embryos have potential to produce healthy babies, whereas normal embryos also have chance to produce babies with chromosomal abnormalities. In spite of low sensitivity of both resolutions, 10Mb has higher specificity, PPV and diagnostic accuracy than 4Mb. It is suggested that TE biopsy be analyzed in both 10Mb and 4Mb resolutions to uncover severely adverse chromosomal aberrations but use 10Mb resolution to guide transfer.
The study was retrospectively registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2100042522).