The data reveal that 64% of the residents interviewed are women and 36% are men. Regarding the age group, 20% were young (18 to 24 years old), 64% adults (25 to 59 years) and 16% elderly (from 60 years). Regarding marital status, 46% are married and 34% single. On average, the number of children is between 0 and 2 (60%), followed by the range between 3 and 6 children (36%).
Regarding education level, 22% are not educated. Among the others, 20% completed high school, 30% had elementary school I (1st to 4th grade) or II (5th to 9th grade) incomplete, 14% are literate, 6% attend elementary school I or II, 4% have incomplete high school and 4% have completed higher education. Regarding the profession, 54% of the residents are rural workers, with an income of less than 1 minimum wage (60%). The main origin of income is production in the field (74%). Regarding the time they live in the community, 58% have more than 40 years of housing.
The sociodemographic aspects of the Custaneira and Tronco communities show data common to the reality of many quilombolas, such as the low level of education as observed in the studies by [39, 40, 41]. The same situation occurs with regard to the main occupation as a rural worker and income, which does not exceed a minimum wage. Low income is part of the context of quilombola communities in Piauí and Brazil, according to the researches of [42, 43, 44, 45].
With regard to cosmological aspects, the Custaneira/Tronco community is recognized by a cultural dynamic strongly linked to beliefs, tales, myths and superstitions, through which symbolisms are revealed to determine the local way of life.
Mysteries and hunting in Xico Banana
Xico Banana is an area situated in the forest within the territory of the community much used by residents to hunt. The place is transmuted from the mysteries that surround it. “There is a place here on the plateau they call the Xico Banana or Xite Banana. Never a hunter went hunting there at night so he would not get lost. Born and raised here, every hunter during the night, who goes hunting there at night if “area”, gets areado. And then there were many of them who saw a stir in the slap, see that fuss and ends... the late Joel here from Tronco he got lost up there and so it was what they call to be areado, it was such a reaction that the person was on top of the plateau, went down to the baixão and went there arriving in Santa Cruz and only went to desarear there in Curralinhos (I 1, 42 years old).”
It is not known to explain what happens, but all the stories told, especially those related to hunting, report the presence of magical and supernatural forces influencing their actions on the spot. There is night, hunt there at night... I, for example, another boy married to a cousin of mine here hunting with dogs, is areado. “ It is something related to the place, it is a myth of the place that makes it hard for a hunter that goes up in the Xito Banana to escape (I 1, 42 years old).”
According to  "for many hunters or former hunters, on some days of the week or in some certain situations the best thing to do is to retire home or not leave home for this type of activity". “There are days when the visagens are many, it is in the dead hours of the night, people see thing. The thing when it is like this can come home that nothing comes out and happy when the person has the determination to leave and is not vareado, wrong in the plate (I-5, 56 years old).”
The hunting stories in the community also bring accounts of the influence of supernatural beings and of magic works done by people in the community to hinder the hunting of others. “When hunting is during the day, dogs do not go, but people also take some things for the rifle. When you're not hitting the shots says the rifle can be endeada, then they wash, pass the wax of a bee that has the cupira in the pipe outside to desendear the shotgun because it is said that the shotgun endea. There are people who endea, also endea the dogs, as if it is areado, he cannot do anything, in the same way the gun that does not hit shot. When the hunter realizes he is just missing a shot, it is because the gun is endeada. Now this question of endear are evil people who endea, endea the things, do on purpose, does the mandinga. The person goes hunting there, the person in the house heard and does not want him to take anything, then endea (I-3, 72 years old).”
"Such enchanted entities can determine the behavior of hunting dogs, the behavior of the hunt and the orientation or disorientation of hunters during the hunting venture" . “The dog is howling, howling areado. Then the person says: look, the dog is endeado. Then you have to pass the garlic on the dog forming a cross, pass it on his nose, and turn it there three times then it works. Then he takes the shovel or the hoe, which the hunter always takes the hoe, that is short, then takes the machete and is beating on the side and another of the hoe, beating up the hoe and shovel, it even makes that high pitch noise, then they stop for a bit and then is that the dog begins to nose again, because he loses his nose there if hunting was walking, because when the hunter hiss is because the hunting is walking, then the hunter calls (I-1, 42 years old).”
Voices crying at Oi D ́Agua
The Olho D’água Danta was named Danta because the older residents said that there was a tapir. It always has been a source of water widely used by residents of the community, but what draws attention to the place are the reports of the constant crying of a child, awakening in the residents’ fear of the place, as if the spirit of that child was still present. “In the Oi D’agua we hear voice as if it were a crying boy. Here in Oi D ́água Danta there was a stone that cried like a child they had to baptize this stone. I do not know who baptized the stone, but heard the child cry. No one knows whose child the child was and no one knows if it was a child or a mother who aborted a child there because it is very old the history from here (I- 2, 60 years old).”
The Giant Scissors of Sucavão
Sucavão is an important local water spring that is situated very close to the community. It is a place much visited by people from the region for baths, however many residents believe that the place is macabre and dangerous. “Says there is scissors in the Sucavão. The older ones say that it is a large scissors that said it opens and closes, as if it were a stone, in the shape of a stone and that it is not recommended to enter there. A lot of people are afraid to bathe in there because they're afraid to get in the moment that this scissor closes (I-11, 40 years old).”
The reports converge, usually, to stories of hauntings and deaths and report the presence of mythical entities such as sucur. Moreover, Sucavão recalls sad memories of the slavery of its ancestors. “What happened there is that it is said that the colonels here from various slave quarter such as Buritizinho, the slave quarters Arabutão, the one there of Canabrava, from Irajá, adopted a kind of punishment that was to tie the blacks and shred, pass the razor and shredded, put salt and pepper. The blacks ran and jumped into the Sucavão to see if it softened, tried to take away the burning and the pain. They were coming right in the last few days, jumping in there and it is said that there died many blacks. Therefore, there is all this energy that prowls there and the older ones relate this. The water spring of Sucavão was thus towards the downward course, including in 2003, 2004, the black flogging trunk was still standing (I-1, 42 years old).”
For all this, in almost all families in the community, fathers and mothers recommend not visiting and in some cases even forbid their children from going to Sucavão. “I grew up afraid of Sucavão because it is said that there is a sucuri that catches people... before was said that it tied an ox once, and it is said that it ate this ox. I bathe there a few times but I am afraid of this sucuri. Today we think there is no more in some waters like that over there... I know they tell you a lot that there was sucuri (I-1, 42 years old).”
The Sucavão is very deep, is told the person who arrives in the background because many people have died (I-5, 56 years old).” “It is common for another person to die drowned there... and you're told what you can get. Mom does not like us going at all (I-1, 42 years old).
Voices, steps and “visagens” in the senzala and Casa Grande of Buritizinho
The Buritizinho slave quarter was part of the Buritizinho Farm, located within the territory of the community. For decades, it was the workplace of many residents. The physical space does not exist, but the memory of the residents records many stories about the place, especially the reports of voices and the fat on the walls of the rooms of the salve quarters.
It is believed that the voices, the weird noises and the fat were from the blacks who died there. “There in the Buritizinho slave quarter it is said that there is a room there that they heard voices, the dark room, they called it that because there was no window, it was a hole. It is said that people heard a voice and also said that in this room mined on the walls as if it were a fat, an oil that they said was from the blacks who died there (I-1, 42 years old). At night there in the slave quarters also assuntava as if the ox cart stopped, then the person called the names of the ox: .calm down Pintor. They tell that it was like a penitence that the spirits keep doing (I-3, 72 years old).”
Still on the Buritizinho Farm, many residents narrate stories from the past that suggest the presence of the spirits of people who have died and who have remained there to haunt the living. “In the time, I lived in the house of the slave quarters, at night there were some movements. My wife was haunted and I said oxente be quiet that it is not an ounce to eat us. That is what we saw, when we went after it there was nothing (I-3, 72 years old). Mom did not stay alone in the Casa Grande at all, many people ran in fear of these things that appeared there (I-1, 42 years old). Everyone who lived there heard this fuss, to stay one person to be there alone, vixe, a woman to sleep in the Casa Grande alone or a boy, a man alone was very difficult. The fuss was big (I-3, 72 years old).”
The "curse" of the Tronco
The Tronco community, although it is very close to the Custaneira community, forming in practice a single community, brings in its history reports that attribute to the place curses and fears. The residents say that when the first residents of the region went on pilgrimage in the city of Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Father Cicero made a prophecy that one day the Tronco will sink and kill the people who are passing by now. “Since I was a child, I hear history and then I am afraid to this day, so we imagine to this day. My Padim Ciço said that whoever went to Juazeiro was not supposed to pass in the Tronco, that the Tronco will sink. They say there is a wreck (I-13, 55 years old). In the old days, when we went there was afraid, when we were going to give a message there in Tronco, first, the fear was to get there and the Trunk sink head in and us and everything (I-1, 42 years).”
“However, the tale itself was on the way to Juazeiro (I -7, 71 years).” “The thing there is so much that the people put up party on Holy Wednesday (I-5, 56 years old).” The recommendation, therefore, was to avoid passing through the site. Although many years have passed, to this day residents of neighboring communities believe that the place has a dense and negative energy.
Haunting on the Pedra Lisa
Pedra Lisa is a place that is close to the border between the Communities Custaneira and Tronco and that has already recorded many testimonies of hauntings and sightings by residents. “My father said he went to get a saddle there in Canabrava, He said that when it was about six o'clock said I'm leavin, but the older ones had this story that you should not do anything at the time of six and twelve. When he was arriving at the Pedra Lisa he heard that cry behind like someone wanted to talk to him, and he said he started to shiver. He said he was going, he was going, he was going, he was going and then it was over. (I- 5, 56 years old). It is hard for a person to go there after six hours and not see haunting. (I- 5, 56 years old). It was a fuss on this Pedra Lisa (I-1, 42 years old).”
Father of the Forest
Father of the Forest is the entity that protects the forests and all the stories that accompany it are located in the plate, an extensive area located in the middle of the forest of the community, without any signs, where it is necessary to go accompanied by older residents in order not to get lost. However, even these residents who claim to be knowledgeable about the area have already been lost, reinforcing the belief in the influence of supernatural entities in that place and in the need to obtain their permission and make offerings to enter their space. “Here the spirit that protects the forests is the Father of the Forest or the Hunter (I-3, 72 years old). It was never safely talked about his image, but when he was hissing here, we already know that the Hunter is calling, and then we can go hunting that has hunting. We hear the hissing all the time, at all times of the year, always at night, after seven hours, having already closed the night. It is like someone hissing, and then we listened and went hunting. To enter the forest, the experienced hunters always did rituals, but these people today do not know these things anymore, but the older did, asked for permission, many of them put tobacco in the forest, carried garlic, always. We take, we, at least me and the people of my time do not go to the woods without taking the garlic clove, a protection that is even for us and also for the dogs that always accompany in the hunts at night, because when the dog is a little confused in the forest, then we rub the garlic and pass on his nose (I-5, 56 years old). There are people around here who call the Father of the Forest of Caipora. That is why they say it's Caipora's, because he smokes. He is the one we put the tobacco for. There is myth of cases that they testify that if you forget the offering you are punished (I 1, 42 years old).”
When the man insists on entering without authorization, he cannot do anything because he gets lost and gets areado, as the residents tell. “In this myth they count, one boy was beaten up, a lot, stood for himself, and the other person right there seeing the other feel the beats. You only see the person cursing and beating is happening. The late Manoel Canoa put tobacco every time he went to the Pedra Lisa, then one day he forgot. He said he was beaten up so much that it was pity, never to forget. Sometimes he beats the dog too, because something can happen that did not work out with the dog, and even the dog is beaten up (I-5, 56 years old).”
The Mother of Water
Just as there is a belief in the entity of the Father of the Forest to protect forests and woods, the residents also believe in the presence of enchanted beings who protect waters. In the case of the Custaneira/Tronco community, the black snake represents this being. “The waters have their sciences, they all do. There are times we see weird things in the water. For example, we do not usually use a bowl because they say that it is forbidden to take water from the fountain with the coité. Our elders did not give permission because we cannot take water from the source with coité and carry to another corner (I 1, 42 years old).”
The stories told by the residents demonstrate a deep relationship of respect and sacredness with this animal, which, when not respected, imposes punishments on those who do not obey it. “The black snake is the mother of water. We do not usually kill black snakes at all. If you kill her, the waters will dry up. We do not kill black snakes at all, because besides being the water mother it is said that she also eats the other snakes. There is some of them that are big, but there is the black snake with a thin tail, boy, she made us run a lot, she ran after us anyway. I was exhausted up there at uncle Inácio's house, from the water springs that had there, me and the girls of Uncle Inácio, Cumade Marilene, we were going to get donkey, these things, the black snake has already appeared behind us, and you had to see. There were people who killed the black snake and the spring of water dried up. Saquinho's water spring dried up. Whoever killed the black snakes there near the water's spring dried everything (I -13, 55 years old).”
When we go to make use of water, we do not take anything like in the woods, only in the time of the entities that we go there at the source and put the offerings, as on Oxum Day that we go to the fountain and put a food, and also on The Day of Yemanjá (I-1, 42 years).