In view of the disadvantages of Traditional tandem joint type thin-plate palletizing robots using push-down adsorption sorting, such as moving path complexity, large occupied space, joint error stack and low end control precision, a novel multi-link mechanism thin-plate palletizing robot is developed. The kinematics analysis is carried out based on the analysis of the overall structure for the manipulator, a genetic algorithm based on the stroke speed ratio K, the transmission angle γ and the four-bar size is proposed to realize the optimal design of the four-link rocker arm mechanism. Secondly, a finite element based overall structure analysis method is proposed, which obtains the most affected part of the vibration process of a manipulator and performs load verification to prevent early warning and reference of faults caused by mechanical resonance. To solve the control problem of nonlinear strongly coupled dynamic systems, an iterative learning fuzzy adaptive control algorithm is proposed to achieve the smooth running of the manipulator and the high-precision tracking of the end centroid trajectory. The experimental results verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed multi-link controllable thin-plate palletizing manipulator's overall structural design and iterative learning control method, which is well applied in practical engineering.