Severe acetabular defects require special treatment with either impaction bone grafting, metal augmented cups or cup-cage constructs. Even these options are often not adequate, especially in hips with Paprosky type 3 defects with loss of anterior and posterior columns. This study investigates the clinical and radiological outcomes of custom-made acetabular components (© Materialise NV, Leuven, Belgium) for Paprosky type 3 defects.
Sixteen patients were included in this trial, nine of whom completed one year of follow-up. The Harris hip score and the Oxford hip score were used to compare pre- and postoperative functional outcomes. Radiological follow-up comprised anteversion and inclination of the implanted cup and offset measurements in both hips (femoral, medial, ischial offset and center of rotation). Statistical analyses were performed with IBM SPSS Statistics.
The mean follow-up time of the nine patients was 13.6 months (± 5.6 SD). The Oxford hip score and Harris hip score improved from 19.8 and 50.1 to 29.4 and 68.8, respectively (p = 0.009 and 0.01). There were complications in three cases (33.3%), which led to one re-revision (11.1%). Radiologic follow-up showed no significant difference in offset measurements except for femoral offset (41.8 mm on the contralateral and 35.2 mm on the treated hip, p = 0.044).
The functional and radiological outcomes are promising. However, long-term outcomes still need to be examined.
Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV.