SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF RESPONDENTS
Two hundred twenty-four participants were participated giving a response rate of 97.8%. Majority of the respondents 111(50.7%) were female and with regards to marital status two thirds 132 (60.3%) were single respondents. Most of respondents186 (84.9%) had work experience less than five years. Majority111 (50.7 %) were fluent speaker of Afan Oromo followed by Amharic 92 (42%) language. Concerning their educational status majority 123(56.2%) hold diploma and staff nurses. The study also showed that majority of 87(39.7%) were working in surgical wards and as well orthodox Christian 84 (38.4%) followers. (Table1).
LEVEL OF NURSES CARING BEHAVIOR
Caring behavior was measured in terms of psychosocial, professional-technical, appropriate and inappropriate aspect of caring behavior. In current study caring behavior was measured in terms of emotional (psychosocial) and affective (technical-professional) dimension. Thus, the mean and average mean score of each component were psychosocial 40.75±8.94 (81.5%) and professional –technical 24.87±5.55 (82.9%). The mean and standard deviation of the overall scale was 100.36 ±19.24 (80.3%). The level of agreement with caring behavior was measured in terms of low, medium and high through calculating mean difference of their agreement. So, low70 (32%), medium 79(36.1%)
JOB SATISFACTION AMONG THE RESPONDENTS
The mean and standard deviation of each component of job satisfaction were professional satisfation18.46±5.04 (73.54%), personal satisfaction 18.91±4.53 (75.64%) and satisfaction with motivation and prospect 17.35±4.86 (69.4%) (Figure1).
INTERACTIONS (NURSES- PHYSICIANS) RELATED FACTORS
The mean score of interactions related factors with respect to: joint participation in decision making process 24.82±5.85, joint participation in client care 21.30±5.23, sharing patient information 18.37±4.35 and collaborative working 14.59±3.64. The average percentages of the mean of all component was: joint participation in decision making process70.91%, joint participation in client care 71%, sharing patient information 73.48% and collaborative working 72.95 % (Figure 2).
CARING ENVIRONMENT (ORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS)
Each component has the mean and standard deviation of satisfaction with staffing and support 15.62±6.01 (average mean of 62.48%) and satisfaction with nurse management 19.01±6.99 (average mean of 63.57%) (Figure 3).
BIVARIATE LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS
Bivariate linear regression analysis revealed significantly associated variables with caring behavior at p < 0.05. Among background variables age, religion (orthodox), working unit (surgical and pediatric wards), professional satisfaction, personal satisfaction, satisfaction with motivation and prospect, joint participation in decision making process, joint participation in client care, sharing patient information, collaborative working, satisfaction with nurse management, number of patient per shift and plan to leave the hospital were variable significant at bivariate level (Table 2).
MULTIVARIATE LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS
Variables significantly associated with caring behavior in multivariate analysis includes religion, being working in surgical ward, personal satisfaction, professional satisfaction, satisfaction with staffing and support satisfaction with staffing joint participation care process. Hence, a unit increases in personal satisfaction increase caring behavior by average of 1.12(beta=1.12, p=0.00, CI at 95%) whereas a unit increase in professional satisfaction increase caring behavior by an average of 1.07(beta=1.07, CI at 95%). Similarly, a unit increase in joint participation in caring process increase caring behavior by an average of 0.58(beta=0.58, p=0.00, CI at 95%) as well with regard to organizational factors, a unit increase satisfaction with nurse management increase caring behavior by an average of 0.85(beta=0.85, p=00, CI at 95%). Overall the variance by 41% of caring behavior is due to the effect of all predictors as summarized in the final model of the study (R2 =0.412, p=0.00, F=16.250). This indicates that variance by average 59% of caring behavior was due to other factors (Table 3).
Accordingly the final model of the study:
Caring behavior = 16.25-6.730 (Being working in surgical ward) + 1.12 (Personal satisfaction) +1.07 (Professional satisfaction) +0.58 (Joint participation in caring process) +0.85 (Satisfaction with nurse management) -1.14 (Satisfaction with staffing and support) + 4.35