This work provides the development of a powerful artificial neural network (ANN) model, for the prediction of relative humidity levels, using other meteorological parameters of the Rabat-Kenitra region. The treatment was applied to a database containing a daily history of five meteorological parameters of 9 stations covering this region for a period from 1979 to mid-2014.
We have shown that for the prediction of relative humidity in this region, the best performing three-layer ANN (input, hidden and output) mathematical model is the multi-layer perceptron (MLP) model. This neural model using the Levenberg-Marquard algorithm, having an architecture [5-11-1] and the transfer functions Tansig in the hidden layer and Purelin in the output layer was able to estimate values for relative humidity very close to those observed. Indeed, this was affirmed by a low mean squared error (MSE) and a fairly high correlation coefficient (R), compared to the statistical indicators relating to the other models developed as part of this study.