Our gratitude goes to the staffs of Aksum saint Mary hospital, Aksum university referral hospital and Adwa hospital, data collectors, supervisors, study participants, and questionnaire translators into the local languages.
GA initiated the research, wrote the research proposal, conducted the research, did data entry and analysis, and wrote the research and manuscript. NA, FM, FT, TA, MM and GG involved in the write up of the proposal, data analysis, interpretation, and manuscript writing. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
The study was funded by the Ethiopian Ministry of Education and Aksum University that do not involved in the study design, data collection, analysis and interpretation.
Availability of Data and Materials
The datasets used and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author (Gebrekiros Aregawi: [email protected]) upon reasonable request due to etical restriction and privacy.
Ethics Approval and Consent to Participate
Ethical clearance was secured by Haramaya University Institutional Health Research Ethics Review Committee (IHRERC) and official permission was obtained from Aksum and Adwa Town Health Offices and respected health institutions. Informed written consent was also obtained from each participant after the purpose of the study and confidentiality issues were clearly explained.
Consent for Publication
We have no conflict of interest
Gebrekiros Aregawi, Aksum University, Department of Midwifery, Aksum, Ethiopia.
Nega Assefa, Haramaya University, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Harar, Ethiopia,
Firehiwot Mesfin, Haramaya University, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Harar, Ethiopia.
Fissaha Tekulu, Adigrat University, Department of Midwifery, Adigrat, Ethiopia.
TesfayAdhena, Aksum University, Department of Midwifery, Aksum, Ethiopia.
MussieMulugeta, Aksum University, department of midwifery, Aksum, Ethiopia,
Guesh Gebreayezgi, Aksum University, department of public health, Aksum, Ethiopia,