To further improve the oxidation resistance of PDC (Polymer Derived Ceramic) composites in harsh environments, Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites were prepared by CVI (Chemical Vapor Infiltration) and PIP (Precursor Impregnation Pyrolysis) methods. The weight retention change, mechanical properties, and microstructure of Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC before and after oxidation in air were studied in detail. Microscopic analysis showed that only the interface between the ceramic and fibers were oxidized to some extent and hafnium had been enriched on the composite surface, after oxidation at different oxidation environments. After Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites oxidized at 1500 ℃ for 60 min, it was mainly determined by the HfO2 and HfSiO4 phase. Moreover, the weight retention ratio and compressive strength of the Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites are 83.97 % and 23.88 ± 3.11 MPa, respectively. It indicates that the Cf/SiC/SiHfBOC composites can be used for a long time in the oxidation environment at 1500 ℃.