There are many studies on the advantages of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that could secret various paracrine factors in repairing endometrial injury. It is necessary to improve the stability and effectiveness of MSCs. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), as one of the cytokines secreted by MSCs, plays a significant role in vascular repair and mesenchymal to epithelial transformation (MET). It can be deduced that HGF is closely related to the repair process of endometrium.Therefore, we aim to investigate the effect and mechanism of MSCs from umbilical cord transfected with HGF gene in the damaged mouse endometrium.
HGF gene transfected MSCs were prepared by electroporation. After determining the cell characteristics and cell activity of HGF gene transfected MSCs, the ability of HGF gene transfected MSCs to express HGF was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Totally, 60 female mice were randomly divided into Control group, Saline group, MSCs group , and HGF gene-transfected MSCs (MSCshgf) group. Each group of mice received treatment after injury. HE staining were used to evaluate the changes in the thickness of endometrial epithelium and the number of endometrial glands. Immunofluorescence was used to evaluate the molecular repair effect. Real time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to compare the expression of angiogenesis related factors. Western blot was used to detect the activation of HGF/c-Met and AKT signaling pathways.
HGF gene transfected MSCs retained the characteristics of original MSCs, and the concentration of HGF secreted by MSCs transfected with HGF gene was higher than that of normal MSCs. Compared with normal MSCs, HGF gene transfected MSCs have a more effect in promoting the repair of damaged endometrial epithelium, mainly in significantly increasing the thickness of damaged endometrial epithelium, increasing the number of glands and proliferating cells(p<0.01). Meanwhile, HGF gene transfected MSCs can improve the expression level of endometrial vascular growth related factors and promote the MET process (p<0.01). At the same time, Western blotting confirmed that these repair effects were related to HGF activation of its receptor c-Met and downstream AKT signaling pathway.
Compared with normal MSCs, HGF gene transfected MSCs have a more significant effect in repairing the damaged endometrial epithelium. This effect is achieved by activating the receptor c-Met of HGF and downstream AKT pathway.