High refractive index and transparent materials are useful in various technical domains, ranging from energy sector to microelectronics. This work deals with polymer composites prepared by embedding small amounts of barium titanate in hydroxypropyl cellulose matrix. Optical transparency of the composite films varies in agreement with polymer doping level. Light dispersion in the prepared composites allowed evaluation of specific parameters, which are related to the sample structural order and possible optical transitions. Conductivity of the composites is increased due to ceramic particle addition in the polymer. Dielectric studies reveal that the prepared materials are suitable for electric energy storage applications.