The results of researches of the selected trace elements: Ti, Sr, Ba, Zn, and also Cr, Ni, Cu, Zr, Mo, Pb, Rb, Mn, Na, K, P, Y and REE (REY) content were presented in this article. The elements were measured in the carbonate minerals of Muschelkalk (Middle Triassic) limestones of the Opole Silesia in Poland, using two methods: ICP MS spectrometry and X-ray fluorescence. These methods are characterized by very high precision and sensitivity of measurements. The results of researches show that the content of analyzed trace elements varies in from value below 1 ppm up to some hundreds ppm. However, the highest contents were measured for strontium and barium, elements characteristic for aragonite carbonate phase which is transformed such as high-Mg calcite into low magnesium calcite during diagenesis. So as Sr and Ba indicate the presence of aragonite in the primary carbonate material. The other trace elements probably form substitutions in clay or carbonate minerals. Some of trace elements such as Zn, Pb, Cu, Mo, Ni may also be associated with sulfide minerals and Ti, Cr, Mn, with oxides. Some measured REY elements- Ce, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, Er and Y are found in the rocks in very small quantities. So their content is really very low. It varies in from value below 1 ppm up to 6 ppm. REY usually substitute Ca ions in calcite.