Kinetic studies of the transformation of calcium orthophosphates metastable precipitates were performed under different synthesis conditions. Phase composition and degree of crystallinity were investigated by X-ray powder diffraction analysis. In acidic solution, precipitates of CaHPO4⋅2H2O (DCPD) and CaHPO4 (DCPA) are formed at the early stage of precipitation, with the degree of crystallinity at the range of 17–35%. Specifically, DCPD precipitates at 30°C and anhydrous DCPA at 50°C. In alkaline solution (pH 8–10), only amorphous forms of calcium orthophosphate is precipitated, which is explained by the high degree of supersaturation (i.e., the high rate of precipitation compared to that in acidic media). The diffraction peaks of DCPD and DCPA are found to be 0.3–0.45 degrees lower relative to their reference data, which is caused by decrease of lattice strain during early stage of crystallization. Furthermore, the initial molar ratio of Ca/P in reagent mixture was found to play subordinary role in determining the composition of final calcium phosphate precipitates. The effect of pH on the composition of precipitates is illustrated by the solubility isotherms of pure calcium orthophosphates. Given that the intensities of diffraction peaks are proportional to planar density of the material in the given plane, we propose, for the first time, to determine activation energy of phase transformation of calcium orthophosphate from X-ray powder diffraction patterns. Based on this relationship developed, the activation energy for the recrystallization DCPD and DCPA are 10.2 and 13.1 kJ/mol, respectively and for the phase transition of DCPD to DCPA – 36.7 kJ/mol. Further recrystallization to most thermodynamically stable Ca10(PO4)6(OН)2 hydroxyapatite (HA) occurs at the activation energy of 5.2 kJ/mol. These findings are critical on phase transition and transformation of calcium phosphate minerals.