This article takes the stone statues of the Northern Song Dynasty imperial mausoleum as the research object. Aiming at the characteristics of the stone statues low weight and small building area, combined with the serious weathering of the stone statues, the reasons for the inclination and the defects of the traditional round soil excavation holes, an elliptical soil excavation correction method is proposed. Adopt the method of combining numerical simulation and experiment to carry out the research of elliptical excavation and tilt correction of stone statues. Research indicates: The settlement difference between the excavation side and the non-excavation side increases with the increase of the span-to-height ratio of the excavation hole; The shallower the depth of the digging hole, the greater the settlement difference between the digging side and the non-digging side; The settlement difference between the digging side and the non-digging side decreases with the increase of the hole spacing; The settlement of the superstructure mainly occurs within 4 to 5 hours after the soil is excavated, and then enters a slow growth stage, and finally gradually stabilizes; During the test, the failure of the digging hole belongs to plastic failure. The damage of the digging hole is firstly destroyed from both sides of the hole, and the upper part of the hole is destroyed immediately, and the upper structure edge is destroyed first.