Metabolic syndrome a lifestyle disease, where diet and gut microbiota play a prodigious role in its initiation and progression. Prophylactic bio-interventions employing probiotics and prebiotics offer an alternate nutritional approach towards attenuating its progression. The present study aimed to evaluate the protective efficacy of a novel synbiotic (L. pentosus GSSK2 + isomalto- oligosaccharides) in comparison to orlistat in an experimental model of metabolic syndrome. It was observed that supplementation of synbiotic for 12 weeks to Sprague Dawley rats fed with high fat diet, ameliorated the anthropometric parameters i.e. weight gain, abdominal circumference, Lee’s index, BMI and visceral fat deposition along with significantly increased fecal Bacteroidetes to Firmicutes ratio, elevated population of Lactobacillus spp., Akkermansia spp., Faecalibacterium spp., Roseburia spp. and decreased Enterobacteriaceae compared with HFD animals. Additionally, synbiotic administration to HFD animals exhibited improved glucose clearance, lipid biomarkers, alleviated oxidative stress, prevented leaky gut phenotype, reduced serum lipopolysaccharides and modulated the inflammatory, lipid and glucose metabolism genes along with restored histomorphology of adipose tissue, colon and liver compared with HFD animals. Taken together, the study highlights the protective potential of synbiotic in comparison with its individual components in ameliorating HFD-induced metabolic complications.