Barimalala, R., R. C. Blamex, F. Desbiolles, C. J. C. Reason, 2019: Variability in the Mozambique Channel Trough and impacts on Southeast African rainfall. J. Clim., 2, 749-765
Barreira, S., R. H. Compagnucci, 2011: Spatial fields of Antarctic sea-ice concentration anomalies for summer–autumn and their relationship to Southern Hemisphere atmospheric circulation during the period 1979–2009. Ann. Glaciol. 57, 140-150
Bartholv, J., A. G. Barnston, R. E. Livezey, 1987: The use of cluster analysis and rotated empirical orthogonal function analysis in describing the macrocirculation pattern of the northern hemisphere and the Atlantic-European region on different heights. In Preprints 3rd International Meeting on Statistical Climatology, Vienna, 23–27
Bartzokas, A., D. A. Metaxas, 1996: Northern Hemisphere gross circulation types. Climatic change and temperature distribution. Meteorologische Zeitschrift. 5, 99-109
Beck, C., Philipp A., 2010: Evaluation and comparison of circulation type classifications of the European domain. Phys. Chem. Earth, Parts A/B/C, 374-387
Compagnucci, R. H., N. E. Ruiz, 1992: On the Interpretation of Principal Component Analysis applied to meteorological data. In Proceedings of the Fifth International Meeting on Statistical Climatology. Atmospheric Environmental Service of Canada: Toronto; 241–244.
Compagnucci, R. H., D. Araneo, P. O. Canziani, 2001: Principal sequence pattern analysis: a new approach to classifying the evolution of atmospheric systems. Int. J. Climatol. 21, 197–217
Compagnucci R. H., M. B. Richman, 2008: Can principal component analysis provide atmospheric circulation or teleconnection patterns? Int. J. Climatol. 6, 703–726
Cook, K. H., 2000: The South Indian Convergence Zone and Interannual Rainfall Variability over Southern Africa. J. Clim. 13 21, 3789–3804
Dedekind, Z., F. A. Engelbrecht, J. Merwe, 2016: Model simulations of rainfall over southern Africa and its eastern escarpment. Water SA 1, 129
Gong, X., M. B., Richman, 1995: On the Application of Cluster Analysis to Growing Season Precipitation Data in North America East of the Rockies. J. Clim. 4, 897-931
Gordon, A.L., 1985: Indian-Atlantic transfer of thermocline water at the Agulhas Retroflection. Science, 227, 1030-1033.
Harr, A. P., R. L. Elsberry, 1995: Large-scale circulation variability over the Tropical Western North Pacific. Part 1: spatial patterns and tropical cyclone characteristics. Mon. Wea. Rev., 5, 1225–1246.
Hersbach, H., et al, 2020: The ERA5 global reanalysis. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 730, 1999-2049
Hewitson, B. C., R. G. Cran, 2002: Self organizing maps: applications to synoptic climatology. Clim. Res., 22, 13–26.
Huth, R. 1993: An example of using the obliquely rotated principal components to detect circulation types over Europe. Meteorol. Z., N.F. 2, 285–293.
Huth, R. 1996: An intercomparison of computer-assisted circulation classification methods. Int. J. Climatol., 16, 893-922.
Huth, R., P. Canziani, 2003: Classification of hemispheric monthly mean stratospheric potential vorticity fields. Ann. Geophys. 21, 808-817.
Huth, R., C. Beck, A. Philipp, M. Demuzere, Z. Ustrnul, M. Cahynová, J. Kysely, O. E. Tveito, 2008: Classiﬁcations of atmospheric circulation patterns: recent advances and applications. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1146, 105–152.
Ibebuchi, C. C. 2021a: On the combination of rotated principal component analysis regionalization technique and linear regression in seasonal rainfall prediction. Preprint, available at Research Square. Viewed 1 February 2021, DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-164806/v1
Ibebuchi, C. C., 2021b: Circulation pattern control of wet days and dry days in Free State, South Africa. Preprint, available at Research Square. Viewed 1 February 2021, DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-160597/v1
Ibebuchi, C. C., 2021c: Can synoptic patterns influence the track and formation of tropical cyclones in the Mozambique Channel? Preprint, available at Research Square. Viewed 19 February 2021, DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-200536/v1
Ibebuchi, C. C., 2021d: Synoptic situations in Africa south of the equator linked to wet events in Namibia; a case study with the February 2008 flood episode. Preprint, available at Research Square. Viewed 1 May 2021, DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-368816/v1
Ibebuchi, C. C., 2021e: Circulation patterns linked to extreme wet and dry conditions in Mozambique, relationship with climatic modes, and changes since 1961. Preprint, available at Research Square. Viewed 1 May 2021. DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-462878/v1.
IPCC, Climate Change, 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker T. F., D. Qin, G. K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels,Y. Xia, V. Bex, and P. M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 1535 pp, https://doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415324
Kendall, M. G., 1975: Rank Correlation Methods. Griffin, London, UK
Kidson, J. W., 1997: The utility of surface and upper air data in synoptic climatological specification of surface climatic variables. Int. J. Climatol. 4, 399–414
Mann, H. B., 1945: Non-parametric tests against trend. Econometrica 3, 245-259
Mo, K., M. Ghil, 1988: Cluster analysis of multiple planetary flow regimes. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 93
Molteni, F., S. Tibaldi, T. Palmer, 1990: Regimes in the wintertime circulation over northern extratropics. I: observational evidence. Q. J. R.Meteorol. 116, 21–67
North, G., T. Bell, F. R. Cahalan, F. J. Moeng, 1982: Sampling errors in the estimation of empirical orthogonal functions. Mon. Wea. Rev. 7, 699-706.
Philipp, A., J. Bartholy, C. Beck, M. Erpicum, P. Esteban, X. Fettweis et al., 2010: Cost733cat – A database of weather and circulation type classiﬁcations. Phys. Chem. Earth, 35, 360–373
Philippopoulos, K., D. Deligiorgi, G. Kouroupetroglou, 2014: Performance Comparison of Self-Organizing Maps and k-means Clustering Techniques for Atmospheric Circulation Classification. Int. J. Energy Environ., 8, 171-180
Plaut, G., E. Simonnet., 2001: Large-scale circulation classification, weather regimes, and local climate over France, the Alps and Western Europe. Clim. Res. 17, 303-324
Kim, M., C. Yoo, M. Sung, S. Lee, 2021: Classification of Wintertime Atmospheric Teleconnection Patterns in the Northern Hemisphere. J. Clim. 34, 1847–1861
Ndarana, T., M. Bopape, D. Waugh, L. Dyson, 2018: The influence of lower stratosphere on ridging Atlantic Ocean Anticyclone over South Africa. J. Clim. 15, 6175-6187
Reason, C. J. C., H. Mulenga, 1999: Relationships between South African rainfall and SST anomalies in the southwest Indian Ocean. Int. J. Climatol. 19, 1651–1673.
Reason, C. J. C., M. Rouault, 2005: Links between the Antarctic Oscillation and winter rainfall over western South Africa. Geo. Phys. Res. Lett. 32, 7.
Reason, C. J. C., S. Smart, 2015: Tropical Southeast Atlantic warm events and associated rainfall anomalies over Southern Africa. Front. Environ. Sci. 3, 24.
Richman, M. B., P. J. Lamb, 1985: Climatic pattern analysis of three and seven-day summer rainfall in the Central United States: some methodological considerations and regionalization. J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 12, 1325–1343
Richman, M. B., 1986: Rotation of principal components. J. Climatol. 3, 293-335.
Richman, M. B., X. Gong, 1999: Relationships between the definition of the hyperplane width to the fidelity of principal component loadings patterns. J. Clim. 6, 1557–1576.
Stryhal, J., R. Huth, 2017: Classifications of Winter Euro-Atlantic Circulation Patterns: An Intercomparison of Five Atmospheric Reanalyses. J. Clim., 30, 7847-7861
Vargas, W. M., R. H. Compagnucci, 1983: Methodological aspects of principal component analysis in meteorological fields [preprints, Second International Conference on Statistical Climatology]. National Institute of Meteorology and Geophysics, Lisbon. pp. 531-539
Xu, D., Y. A. Tian, 2015: Comprehensive Survey of Clustering Algorithms. Ann. Data. Sci., 2, 165–193
Yarnal, B. 1993: Synoptic Climatology in En6ironmental Analysis. Belhaven Press: London
Zhao, Z., H. Xi, A. Russo, H. Du, Y. Gong, J. Xiang, Z. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Li, C. Zhou, 2019: The Influence of Multi-Scale Atmospheric Circulation on Severe Haze Events in Autumn and Winter in Shanghai, China. Sustainability. 11, 5979