Victor C, Bowling A, Bond J, Scambler S, Lonelines, social isolation, and living alone in later life. ESRC GO Findings 2003;17:1.
 Smith K, Victor C, Profiles of loneliness and social isolation in an English community sample. 2017;46(Annual conference).
 Victor CR, Bowling A, A longitudinal analysis of loneliness among older people in Great Britain. J Psychol 2012;146(3):313-31.
 Luhmann M, Hawkley LC, Age differences in loneliness from late adolescence to oldest old age. Dev Psychol 2016;52(6):943.
 Pyle E, Evans D, Loneliness -What characteristics and circumstances are associated with feeling lonely? Analysis of characteristics and circumstances associated with loneliness in England using the Community Life Survey, 2016 to 2017. ONS 2018.
 Ekwall AK, Sivberg B, Hallberg IR, Loneliness as a predictor of quality of life among older caregivers. J Adv Nurs 2005;49(1):23-32.
 Petitte T, Mallow J, Barnes E, Petrone A, Barr T, Theeke L, A Systematic Review of Loneliness and common chronic physical conditions in adults. Open Psychol J 2015;8(Suppl 2):113-32.
 Valtorta NK, Kanaan M, Gilbody S, Ronzi S, Hanratty B, Loneliness and social isolation as risk factors for coronary heart disease and stroke: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal observational studies. Heart 2016;102(13):1009-16.
 Zhong B, Chen S, Tu X, Conwell Y, Loneliness and Cognitive Function in Older Adults: Findings from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B 2017;72(1):120-8.
 Mushtaq R, Shoib S, Shah T, Mushtaq S, Relationship between loneliness, psychiatric disorders and physical health ? A review on the psychological aspects of loneliness. J Clin Diagn Res 2014;8(9):WE01-4.
 Newall N, McArthur J, Menec VH, A longitudinal examination of social participation, loneliness, and use of physician and hospital services. J Aging Health 2015;27(3):500-18.
 Perissinotto CM, Cenzer IS, Covinsky KE, Loneliness in older persons: a predictor of functional decline and death. Arch Intern Med 2012;172(14):1078-84.
 Lauder W, Mummery K, Jones M, Caperchione C, A comparison of health behaviours in lonely and non-lonely populations. Psychol,Health & Med 2006;11(2):233-45.
 Luanaigh CÓ, Lawlor BA, Loneliness and the health of older people. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2008;23(12):1213-21.
 Kobayashi LC, Steptoe A, Social isolation, loneliness, and health behaviors at older ages: longitudinal cohort study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2018;52(7):582-93.
 Gerst-Emerson K, Jayawardhana J, Loneliness as a public health issue: The impact of loneliness on health care utilization among older adults. Am J Public Health 2015;105(5):1013-9.
 Scharf T, de Jong Gierveld J, Loneliness in urban neighbourhoods: an Anglo-Dutch comparison. European Journal of Ageing 2008;5(2):103.
 Moorer P, Suurmeijer TP, The effects of neighbourhoods on size of social network of the elderly and loneliness: A multilevel approach. Urban Stud 2001;38(1):105-18.
 Cohen-Mansfield J, Perach R, Interventions for alleviating loneliness among older persons: A critical review. American Journal of Health Promotion 2015;29(3):e109-25.
 Hagan R, Manktelow R, Taylor BJ, Mallett J, Reducing loneliness amongst older people: a systematic search and narrative review. Aging & mental health 2014;18(6):683-93.
 Landeiro F, Barrows P, Nuttall Musson E, Gray AM, Leal J, Reducing social isolation and loneliness in older people: a systematic review protocol. BMJ Open 2017;7(5): e013778, 2016-013778.
 Victor C, Mansfield L, Kay T, et al., An overview of reviews: the effectiveness of interventions to address loneliness at all stages of the life-course. What Works Centre for Wellbeing 2018.
 Victor CR, Burholt V, Martin W, Loneliness and ethnic minority elders in Great Britain: an exploratory study. J Cross-Cult Gerontol 2012;27(1):65-78.
 Victor C, Sullivan MP, Loneliness and isolation. In: Twigg J, Martin W, editors. Handbook of Cultural Gerontology. : Routledge, 2015:252-60.
 Sullivan MP, Victor CR, Thomas M, Understanding and alleviating loneliness in later life: perspectives of older people. Quality in Ageing and Older Adults 2016;17(3):168-78.
 Nyqvist F, Victor CR, Forsman AK, Cattan M, The association between social capital and loneliness in different age groups: a population-based study in Western Finland. BMC Public Health 2016;16(1):542.
 https://www.ageuk.org.uk/our-impact/policy-research/loneliness-research-and-resources/loneliness-maps/#; accessed Apr 2019
 Dorling D, Vickers D, Thomas B, Pritchard J, Ballas D, Changing UK. The way we live now. Sheffield: University of Sheffield 2008.
 Kearns A, Whitley E, Tannahill C, Ellaway A, ‘Lonesome town’? Is loneliness associated with the residential environment, including housing and neighbourhood factors? Journal of Community Psychology 2015;43(7):849-867
 Domenech-Abella J, Mundo J, Moneta MV, Haro JM, Olaya B, The role of socio-economic status and neighbourhood social capital on loneliness among older adults: evidence from the Sant Boi Aging Study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2017;52:1237-1246
 Beech R, Murray M, Social engagement and healthy ageing in disadvantaged communities. Quality in Ageing and Older Adults 2013;14(1):12-24.
 de Koning JL, Stathi A, Richards S, Predictors of loneliness and different types of social isolation of rural-living older adults in the United Kingdom. Ageing & Society 2016:1-32.
 Wenger GC, Burholt V, Changes in levels of social isolation and loneliness among older people in a rural area: A twenty–year longitudinal study. Canadian Journal on Aging/la revue canadienne du vieillissement 2004;23(2):115-27.
 Menec VH, Newall NE, Mackenzie CS, Shooshtari S, Nowicki S. Examining individual and geographic factors associated with social isolation and loneliness using Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) data. PloS one. 2019;14(2):e0211143.
 Havens B, Hall M, Sylvestre G, Jivan T, Social isolation and loneliness: Differences between older rural and urban Manitobans. Canadian Journal on Aging/la revue canadienne du vieillissement 2004;23(2):129-40.
 Beer A, Faulkner D, Law J, et al., Regional variation in social isolation amongst older Australians. Regional Studies, Regional Science 2016;3(1):170-84.
 Tobiasz-Adamczyk B, Zawisza K. Urban-rural differences in social capital in relation to self-rated health and subjective well-being in older residents of six regions in Poland. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2017; 24(2): 162–170.
 Burholt V, Scharf T, Poor health and loneliness in later life: the role of depressive symptoms, social resources, and rural environments. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 2013;69(2):311-24.
 Hughes ME, Waite LJ, Hawkley LC, Cacioppo JT, A Short Scale for Measuring Loneliness in Large Surveys: Results from Two Population-Based Studies. Res Aging 2004;26(6):655-72.
 Ross CE, Mirowsky J. Neighborhood disadvantage, disorder, and health. Journal of health and social behavior. 2001 Sep 1:258-76.
 Noble M, Wright G, Smith G, Dibben C, Measuring multiple deprivation at the small-area level. Environ Plann A 2006;38(1):169-85.
 Banks J, Blake M, Clemens S, et al. English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: waves 0-8, 1998-2017.[data collection]. UK Data Service. SN: 5050.
 Pikhartova J, Bowling A, Victor C, Is loneliness in later life a self-fulfilling prophecy? Aging & mental health 2016;20(5):543-9.
 Victor C, Sullivan MP, Woodbridge R, Thomas M, Dancing with loneliness in later life: a pilot study mapping seasonal variations. 2015.