Background: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play essential roles in tumorigenesis and cancers prognosis, and they can be a potential cancer prognostic markers. However, in lung adenocarcinoma(LUAD), how lncRNA signatures predict the survival of patients is poorly understood. Our study aims to explore lncRNA signatures and prognostic function in LUAD.
Methods: The expression and prognosis data of lncRNAs in LUAD patients was collected from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data. All analyses were performed using the R package (version 3.6.2). Metascape, STRING and Cytoscape were used for enrichment analysis and function prediction of the lncRNA co-expressed protein-coding genes.
Results: We have collected lncRNA expression data in 466 LUAD tumors, and a six-lncRNA signature(RP11-79H23.3, RP11-309M7.1, CTD-2357A8.3, RP11-108P20.4, U47924.29, LHFPL3-AS2) has been shown to be significantly related to LUAD patients’ overall survival. According to the lncRNA signatures, the high-risk and low-risk groups were divided in LUAD patients with different survival rates. Further multivariable cox regression analysis showed that the prognostic value of this signature was independent of clinical factors. The potential functional roles and hub co-expressed protein-coding genes in the six prognostic lncRNAs are shown in the functional enrichment analysis.
Conclusions: These results showed that these six lncRNAs could be independent predicted prognostic biomarkers in LUAD patients.