The application of fuzzy clustering algorithms in image segmentation is a hot research topic nowadays. Existing fuzzy clustering algorithms have the following three problems: (1)The parameters of spatial information constraints can$'$t be selected adaptively; (2)The image corrupted by high noise can$'$t be segmented effectively; (3)It is difficult to achieve a balance between noise removal and detail preservation. In the fuzzy clustering based on the optimization model, the choice of distance metric is very important. Since the use of Euclidean distance will lead to sensitivity to outliers and noise, it is difficult to obtain satisfactory segmentation results, which will affect the clustering performance. This paper proposes an optimization algorithm based on the kernel-based fuzzy local information clustering integrating non-local information (KFLNLI). The algorithm adopts a self-integration method to introduce local and non-local information of images, which solves the common problems of current clustering algorithm. Firstly, the self-integration method solves the problem of selecting spatial constraint parameters. The algorithm uses continuous self-learning iteration to calculate the weight coefficients; Secondly, the distance metric uses Gaussian kernel function to induce the distance to further enhance the robustness against noise and the adaptivity of processing different images; Finally, both local and non-local information are introduced to achieve a segmentation effect that can eliminate most of the noise and retain the original details of the image. Experimental results show that the algorithm is superior to existing state-of-the-art fuzzy clustering-related algorithm in the presence of high noise.