This research work aims to prepare and characterization some Al-doped ZnO nanoparticles. The co-precipitation method was used for preparing the desired samples, where ZnO replaced by AlCl3. Then the resulted materials were characterized and their structural phases identified using the XRD technique, where eight crystalline phases were identified and then assigned to some of the interatomic planes, (100), (002), (101), (102), (110), (103), (112), and (201). Both the average crystalline size and the micro-strain were calculated for each sample, where it was found that both of them increase when Ai-content increases. UV-vis spectra showed an absorption peak centered at 3.34 eV which represents the optical bandgap of ZnO. Al-Impurities acted to improve and increase the value of the optical transmittance, especially in the visible light region. The increase of Al-content influenced, where their values increase when AL-content increases. the value of the calculated nonlinear refractive index may be considered promising for different optoelectronic applications.