Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common and growing health problem that requires adequate knowledge by health care providers to reduce the progress of the diseases. Thus, this study is aimed to assess the care provider’s knowledge, attitude, and practices toward CKD.
Method: Cross-sectional study was conducted among 326 care providers at Jimma University Specialized hospital and three medium to higher clinics found in Jimma Town. Collected data entered to Epi-Data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 21 for windows for data analysis. Descriptive statistics and generalized linear modal were used to analyze the data.
Result: The mean age and service year of the participants were 29.68(±4.877) and 4.28(±4.561), respectively. The overall weighted knowledge, attitude and practice score of the study participant was 9.0971(8.77, 9.42), 2.53(2.4,2.65), 10.14(9.94,10.33) respectively. Over half of the care providers had the awareness to use eGFR to assess kidney function and patient referral to nephrologist respectively. Also, many care providers knew the five-stage of CKD and the risk factors of CKD such as diabetes, long term alcohol consumption, and anemia and cardiovascular disorders respectively. Care providers had an understanding of late detection and referral of CKD would increase kidney disease complication. Besides, 275(84.4 %) of them are worried about treatment cost related to CKD. Over half of the care providers, 238(73.0%) believed that the Ethiopian ministry of health gave less attention to the problem. Furthermore, 234(71.8%) are interested to study more on CKD management. Majority 256(78.5%), very likely or likely refer patient to senior physician and Nephrologist.
Conclusion: Care provides knowledge was found to be above moderate level and many had the knowledge on the basic function of the kidney, risk factors, treatment, and management of CKD. Many are worried about treatment cost and interested to learn about CKD primary from textbook and internet. The majority had a practice of referring patients to nephrologists or a senior physician. Many care providers had a frequent discussion on the prevention strategies of CKD.