Background：The infections due to carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-KP) have become an important problem. The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical characteristics of CR-KP.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study has been made on all patients presenting with CR-KP infections. 615 patients with CR-KP humor infections diagnosed were identified. 135 patients who did not meet the requirements were excluded. Clinical characteristics, antimicrobial regimens, and outcomes of patients have been analyzed.
Results: The CR-KP infections overall mortality was 37.3%, and bloodstream infections mortality was 66.2%. Survival analysis revealed that there were statistically significant differences between bloodstream infection and pulmonary and drainage fluid infection. Logistics regression analysis showed that hemopathy, age (>60 years), solid tumors, diabetes, septic shock, acute kidney injury and stroke were independent predictors associated with the 30-day mortality. Multivariate linear regression was performed in APACHE II score, SOFA score, lymphocyte absolute value (LYM) and survival time. Survival time was negatively correlated with APACHE II score and SOFA score, while positively correlated with LYM. Finally, we investigated different antimicrobial regimens for CR-KP infections. Chi-square test showed that antimicrobial regimen combined carbapenems, tigecycline with polymyxin B was superior the one combined carbapenems with polymyxin B. Ceftazidime avibactam-based antimicrobial regimens also had no advantage over other therapeutic regimens.
Conclusions: Our study confirmed there is a high mortality rate in CR-KP infections, especially in the bloodstream infections. The outcome is greatly influenced by the patients’ clinical conditions. Antimicrobial regimen combined carbapenems, tigecycline with polymyxin B might be a better choice.