Kinematic chain of whole body is important during golf swing. Moreover, it was suggested that kinematics of golf swing was affected by fatigue. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the golf swing before and after fatigue of trunk muscles, and to assess the effect of the fatigue on kinematics of trunk as well as lower extremity.
A total of 11 healthy adults participated in the current study. Golf swing motion in each subject was measured with a 7-iron on a grass plate using motion capture system. Three-dimensional kinematics of trunk and lower extremity on the lead side were evaluated.
Sagittal trunk instability was observed after fatigue. Regarding the kinematic chain, range of motion of trunk rotation (r = -0.76, p < 0.01) and knee rotation (r = 0.82, p < 0.01) were significantly correlated with the hindfoot rotation before the fatigue task. However, after the fatigue task, the hindfoot rotation was significantly correlated only with the knee rotation (r = 0.76, p <0.01).
As fatigue of trunk muscles will alter swing movement and kinematic chain, trunk muscle training can be one of key strategies to maintain swing performance.
Our study was registered to UMIN (No. 000037037, date; 01/07/2019).