The flow of aid to developing countries has increased massively and they receive billions of dollars per year in the form of aid from bilateral and multilateral donors. However, the economic growth achieved by many developing countries, in general, has not been satisfactory. Poverty is still there and resulted in a custom of aid dependence and foster the opportunity for the corrupted political leader. The conclusion on aid effectiveness is doubtful among economists, found to be inconclusive.
This paper intends to see how the Ethiopian economy is reacting to the flow of foreign aid coming from the rest of the world viz-a-viz the current most prestigious and influential arguments against and pro-effectiveness of aid. A time series on important parameters extending from 1981 to the most current 2017 is used and an econometrics technique ECM is employed to examine the short-run dynamics and long-run relationship among the variables.
The result of the short-run dynamics showed that aid has a negative and statistically significant impact on economic growth. However, the impacts turn to be positive in the long run. economic growth measured by the real GDP adjusts to its long-run equilibrium with an average speed of about 25.7 percent annually and it will roughly take it about 4 years to restore to equilibrium, ceteris paribus.