Single-layer transition metal dichalcogenides (1L-TMDs) are at the center of an ever increasing research effort both in terms of fundamental physics and applications. Exciton–phonon coupling (EXPC) plays a key role in determining the photonic and (opto)electronic properties of 1L-TMDs. However, the EXPC strength has not been measured at room temperature. Here, we develop two-dimensional (2D) micro-spectroscopy to determine EXPC of 1L-MoSe2. We detect beating signals as a function of waiting time T, induced by the coupling between the A exciton and the A'1 optical phonon. Analysis of 2D beating maps provides the EXPC with the help of simulations. The Huang–Rhys factor of ~1 is larger than in most other inorganic semiconductor nanostructures. Our technique offers a unique tool to measure EXPC also in other 1L-TMDs and heterogeneous semiconducting systems with a spatial resolution ~260 nm, and will provide design-relevant parameters for the development of novel optoelectronic devices.