In recent years, the environmental monitoring in agriculture field is an essential required application. To achieve the environmental monitoring of agriculture fields, the wireless sense networks (WSN) and Internet of Things (IoT) is utilized. In the WSN, the energy consumption is a main issue to access the medium and transfer the networks. Hence, in this paper, Adaptive Fuzzy C means clustering and Seagull Optimization Algorithm (AFCM-SOA) is developed for monitoring environmental conditions in agriculture field. Two main objective functions are utilized to empower the presentation of the WSN such as load balancing and energy efficient operation. The proposed method is a combination of Fuzzy C Means Clustering and Seagull Optimization Algorithm (SOA). The energy efficient and load balancing is achieved by optimal routing scheme by proposed method. The Fuzzy C-Means Clustering is utilized to empower the energy efficient operation and load balancing. In the Fuzzy C-Means Clustering, the SOA is utilized to select the optimal path selection. The proposed method is executed by NS2 simulator and performances are compared with existing methods such as Atom Search Optimization (ASO) and Emperor Penguin Optimization (EPO) respectively. The performance metrics are delay, drop, throughput, energy consumption, network lifetime, overhead and delivery ratio.