Background : Tuberculosis is a common and often deadly infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacterium, usually mycobacterium tuberculosis in humans. Tuberculosis has long been major cause of morbidity and mortality particularly where the diagnostic and control program is not far extended.
Objective : - To compare the treatment outcomes and to describe the social demographic factors associated with Tuberculosis patient in private clinic with governmental health centre in Jimma city, Ethiopia from September 12, 2007 to September 10, 2017.
Methods and Materials : - A ten years retrospective systemic record review was conducted to compare the treatment outcomes and to describe the social demographic factors associated with Tuberculosis patient in private clinic with governmental health centre in Jimma city, Ethiopia from September 12, 2007 to September 10, 2017. Data was collected by using questionnaire formats. Since all serial numbers of the patients were used no sampling technique was needed. Finally data was analyzed by SPSS/EPI INFO.
Result : The present study revealed that within ten years duration private clinic gives anti-TB treatment coverage for 582 patients whereas governmental clinic gives for 510 patients. The treatment success rate of the private clinic is 98.1% which is 1.03 fold than the governmental health center (95.3%). Governmental health center defaulting rate was triple fold of the private clinic 4.1% and 1.2% receptively, while the treatment failure of private clinic was 0.2%, but no treatment failure in governmental health center.
Conclusion and Recommendation -Age, educational level and the types of TB diagnosis and treatment outcome of the patients were statistically associated in both sectors. Better counseling and awareness about the disease should have to be given for every anti-TB treatment receiving patients despite of their educational level and occupational status in both sectors. Keywords: Tuberculosis, Treatment outcome, Comparing, Governmental health center, Private clinic