Background : The infertility is a common health issue affecting many couples with a broad consequence on their lives. This study investigated the effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery for treating infertility in Cameroon.
Methods : We conducted a cross-sectional, analytic study in order to determine the rate of conception and associated factors following laparoscopic surgery in women who presented with infertility, and treated at the Yaoundé Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital from January 1st 2007 to December 31st 2017.
Results : The average age of the included patients was 32:2 4:9 years old. Married women and those with tertiary level studies were the most represented. The average duration of infertility stood at 4:6 2:8 years. The most common surgical procedures were adhesiolysis (86.1%) and neo-salpingotomy (55.4%). The conception rate after the endoscopic surgery was 39.3% (119/303). The associated factors were normal body mass index and the antecedent of two or more alive children.
Conclusions : The study revealed the efficiency of laparoscopic surgery in the management of infertility.