Background: Hysterectomy is one of the major surgeries performed in clinical practice for commonly encountered diseases of the female genital tract worldwide. Even if Hysterectomy is widely performed surgery in both developed and low income countries little is known about is epidemiology in rural part of develop countries. Especially in developing countries like Ethiopia representative reliable statistics are rarely available on this important aspect of women’s health mainly on its prevalence, indication and outcome. So the aim of this study was to assess the magnitude indication and outcome of hysterectomy in Goba Referral Hospital from January 1, 2008 to January1, 2018.
Methods: institutional based retrospective study was conducted in Goba Referral Hospital. Self-administered structured checklists were used to collect the data. The data were entered into Epi data version 3.1 and analyzed by SPSS version 20. Continuous and categorical variables were summarized by tables, graph and descriptive statistics. Logistic regression was used to determine association between predictors and Hysterectomy prevalence. P-value <0.05 was -considered as statistically significant.
Results: a total of 200 hysterectomies were done for obstetrics and gynecology indications, of which the commonest, 47% (n=94), indication was uterine rupture. From the total of 116 women, who had no antenatal care follow up, 40% (n=47) had uterine rupture. This study also indicated that, most of uterine rupture cases 80% (n=76) were living far away from the hospital (> 50km from the hospital) 94.6% (n-89) were multiparous. This study has also indicated that from the total of 20 discharged dead, 90% (n=18)) were came from a distance of >100km far from the hospital and 95% (n=19) were those who didn’t attend antenatal care.
Conclusions: the higher rate of uterine rupture was seen in those who were multi Para, far from Hospitals and those who have no ANC follow up. Large scale study for the identification of determinant factors for evidence based intervention will be very important.