Background: To analyze abnormal plasma lipids during physical examination of adult men in a community hospital and to provide the basis for prevention and control measures.
Methods: Fasting serum lipids (TG, TC, LDL-C, HDL-C) were measured in 439 adult men in a community hospital from 2017 to 2019. The results were analyzed by age.
Results: The prevalence of dyslipidemia was 15.72%,19.36%, and 20.50% in 2017, 2018, and 2019, respectively. The abnormal rate of HDL-C increased significantly—from 2.96% in 2017 to 9.11% in 2018; it remained at 8.88% in 2019. The abnormal rate of TG and HDL-C increased gradually from age 50 years, and the highest was in those aged 60-65 years. The study also found that TC and LDL-C index levels peaked in the 55-65-year-old group; these levels then decreased with age. TG and LDL-C increased with age while HDL-C decreased with age. The increase in plasma lipid levels and obesity in young people was significantly higher than those in middle-aged people.
Conclusion: The rate of dyslipidemia among adult men in Guangzhou increases over time and with age. The prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia (awareness, treatment, and control) should be urgently strengthened to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and improve the level of community health services.