Background: Quality of Life is a key element in social policy so that its placement on the agenda of community development has a constructive and positive effect on the life and performance of the individual and society. This study was designed to assess the status of a quality-of-life index and some related factors in the public population of women in Rasht, which is the capital city of Guilan Province, Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 800 women in Rasht who were selected by cluster random sampling. The data collection tool was the Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life questionnaire, which has two parts: Satisfaction and Importance with life. Each section consists of four subscales: Health and performance, Social and economic, Psychological/spiritual, and Family. Its scoring is done on the Likert scale. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and one-way analysis of variance, independent t-test and regression.
Results: The mean score (SD) of the quality-of-life index in this study was 21.39(4.10), which was higher than the mean level and showed a relatively good condition. There was a statistically significant difference between the mean score of the quality-of-life index in terms of education level, but within age groups, this difference was not significant. Correlation tests showed no statistically significant relationship between duration of the marriage, age of marriage and age of spouse with the women’s quality-of-life score of (p> 0.05).
Conclusions: Although the quality of life of the women studied was above average, appropriate interventions should be designed to maintain and improve it, because the feeling of satisfaction increases the ability to cope with problems and mental pressures and improves the level of mental and physical health of couples and ultimately of all members of society.