Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the common malignant diseases of hematopoietic system. Paxillin ( PXN ) is an important part of focal adhesions (FAs), which is related to the poor prognosis of many kinds of malignant tumors. However, no research has focused on the expression of PXN in AML. We aimed to investigate the expression of PXN in AML and its prognostic significance. Methods: Using GEPIA and UALCAN database to analyze the expression of PXN in AML patients and its prognostic significance. Bone marrow samples of newly diagnosed AML patients were collected to extract RNA, and qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of PXN . The prognosis was followed up. Chi-square test was used to analyze the relationship between PXN expression and clinical laboratory characteristics. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to draw survival curve, and Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the independent factors affecting the prognosis of patients with AML. The co-expression genes of PXN were analyzed by LinkedOmics to explore its biological significance in AML. Results: Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the overall survival time of AML patients was related to whether to receive treatment and PXN expression(P<0.05). COX regression analysis showed that whether to receive treatment (HR=0.227，95%CI=0.075-0.689， P =0.009) and high expression of PXN (HR=4.484，95%CI=1.449-13.889， P =0.009) were independent poor prognostic factors in patients with AML. Conclusion: PXN is highly expressed in AML patient, and high PXN expression is an indicator of poor prognosis in AML patient.