1. Walter, J. E. & Mitchell, D. K. Astrovirus infection in children. Curr. Opin. Infect. Dis. 16, 247-253 (2003).
2. Coppo, P., Scieux, C., Ferchal, F., Clauvel, J. & Lassoued, K. Astrovirus enteritis in a chronic lymphocytic leukemia patient treated with fludarabine monophosphate. Ann. Hematol. 79, 43-45 (2000).
3. Meyer, C. T. et al. Prevalence of classic, MLB-clade and VA-clade astroviruses in Kenya and the Gambia. Virol. J. 12, 78 (2015).
4. Lee, R. M. et al. Incubation periods of viral gastroenteritis: a systematic review. BMC Infect. Dis. 13, 446 (2013).
5. Cordey, S. et al. Astrovirus MLB2, a new gastroenteric virus associated with meningitis and disseminated infection. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 22, 846-853 (2016).
6. Wohlgemuth, N., Honce, R. & Schultz-Cherry, S. Astrovirus evolution and emergence. Infect. Genet. Evol. 69, 30-37 (2019).
7. Vu, D. L., Bosch, A., Pintó, R. M. & Guix, S. Epidemiology of classic and novel human astrovirus: gastroenteritis and beyond. Viruses 9, 33 (2017).
8. Holtz, L. R., Bauer, I. K., Rajendran, P., Kang, G. & Wang, D. Astrovirus MLB1 is not associated with diarrhea in a cohort of Indian children. PLoS ONE 6, e28647 (2011).
9. Vu, D. L. et al. A Spanish case-control study in <5 year-old children reveals the lack of association between MLB and VA astrovirus and diarrhea. Sci. Rep. 10, 1760 (2020).
10. Sato, M. et al. Acute encephalopathy in an immunocompromised boy with astrovirus-MLB1 infection detected by next generation sequencing. J. Clin. Virol. 78, 66-70 (2016).
11. Koukou, G. et al. Human astrovirus infection associated with encephalitis in an immunocompetent child: a case report. J. Med. Case Rep. 13, 1-5 (2019).
12. Malasao, R., Khamrin, P., Chaimongkol, N., Ushijima, H. & Maneekarn, N. Diversity of human astrovirus genotypes circulating in children with acute gastroenteritis in Thailand during 2000-2011. J. Med. Virol. 84, 1751-1756 (2012).
13. Kumthip, K., Khamrin, P., Ushijima, H. & Maneekarn, N. Molecular epidemiology of classic, MLB and VA astroviruses isolated from <5 year-old children with gastroenteritis in Thailand, 2011-2016. Infect. Genet. Evol. 65, 373-379 (2018).
14. De Grazia, S. et al. Genetic heterogeneity and recombination in human type 2 astroviruses. J. Clin. Microbiol. 50, 3760-3764 (2012).
15. Babkin, I. V., Tikunov, A. Y., Sedelnikova, D. A., Zhirakovskaia, E. V. & Tikunova, N. V. Recombination analysis based on the HAstV-2 and HAstV-4 complete genomes. Infect. Genet. Evol. 22, 94-102 (2014).
16. Wolfaardt, M., Kiulia, N. M., Mwenda, J. M. & Taylor, M. B. Evidence of a recombinant wild-type human astrovirus strain from a Kenyan child with gastroenteritis. J. Clin. Microbiol. 49, 728-731 (2011).
17. Amaral, M. S. C. et al. The prevalence of norovirus, astrovirus and adenovirus infections among hospitalised children with acute gastroenteritis in Porto Velho, state of Rondônia, western Brazilian Amazon. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 110, 215-221 (2015).
18. Romo-Saenz, C. I. et al. Human enteric circulating viruses and co-infections among hospitalized children with severe acute gastroenteritis in Chihuahua, Mexico, During 2010-2011. Jundishapur J. Microbiol. 13, e95010 (2020).
19. Nadan, S. et al. Epidemiology of human astroviruses among children younger than 5 years: prospective hospital‐based sentinel surveillance in South Africa, 2009‐2014. J. Med. Virol. 91, 225-234 (2019).
20. Tsague, B. N. et al. Occurrence of human astrovirus associated with gastroenteritis among Congolese children in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo. Int. J. Infect. Dis. 95, 142-147 (2020).
21. Zaki, M. E. S. & El Kheir, N. A. Molecular study of astrovirus, adenovirus and norovirus in community acquired diarrhea in children: one Egyptian center study. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Biomed. 7, 987-990 (2017).
22. Zaki, M. E. S., Mashaly, G. E. S., Alsayed, M. A. L. & Nomir, M. M. Molecular study of human astrovirus in Egyptian children with acute gastroenteritis. Germs 10, 167 (2020).
23. Arowolo, K. et al. Molecular epidemiology of astrovirus in children with gastroenteritis in southwestern Nigeria. Arch. Virol. 165, 2461-2469 (2020).
24. Nijhuis, R. et al. PCR assays for detection of human astroviruses: in silico evaluation and design, and in vitro application to samples collected from patients in the Netherlands. J. Clin. Virol. 108, 83-89 (2018).
25. De Grazia, S. et al. Assessing the burden of viral co-infections in acute gastroenteritis in children: an eleven-year-long investigation. J. Clin. Virol. 129, 104513 (2020).
26. Tao, Z., Wang, H., Zhang, W. & Xu, A. Novel astrovirus types circulating in Shandong Province (Eastern China) during 2016: a clinical and environmental surveillance. J. Clin. Virol. 116, 69-73 (2019).
27. Wu, L. et al. Epidemiology and genetic characterization of classical human astrovirus infection in Shanghai, 2015~2016. Front. Microbiol. 11, 570541 (2020).
28. Kim, J. S. et al. Molecular epidemiology of human astrovirus in stool samples from patients with acute gastroenteritis in Korea, 2013–2017. Ann. Lab. Med. 39, 367-372 (2019).
29. Chen, C. J. et al. Clinical and epidemiologic features of severe viral gastroenteritis in children: a 3-year surveillance, multicentered study in Taiwan with partial rotavirus immunization. Medicine (Baltimore) 94, e1372 (2015).
30. Thongprachum, A. et al. Four-year study of viruses that cause diarrhea in Japanese pediatric outpatients. J. Med. Virol. 87, 1141-1148 (2015).
31. Khamrin, P. et al. Multiple astrovirus MLB1, MLB2, VA2 clades, and classic human astrovirus in children with acute gastroenteritis in Japan. J. Med. Virol. 88, 356-360 (2016).
32. Malasao, R. et al. Genetic diversity of norovirus, sapovirus, and astrovirus isolated from children hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Chiang Mai, Thailand. J. Med. Virol. 80, 1749-1755 (2008).
33. Vutithanachot, V. et al. Human astrovirus among patients with acute gastroenteritis in Thailand, 2009-2017. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health 50, 240-247 (2019).
34. Jacobsen, S. et al. Co-circulation of classic and novel astrovirus strains in patients with acute gastroenteritis in Germany. J. Infect. 76, 457-464 (2018).
35. Tate, J. E., Burton, A. H., Boschi-Pinto, C. & Parashar, U. D. Global, regional, and national estimates of rotavirus mortality in children <5 years of age, 2000-2013. Clin. Infect. Dis. 62, S96-S105 (2016).
36. Lestari, F. B., Vongpunsawad, S., Wanlapakorn, N. & Poovorawan, Y. Rotavirus infection in children in Southeast Asia 2008-2018: disease burden, genotype distribution, seasonality, and vaccination. J. Biomed. Sci. 27, 66 (2020).
37. De Benedictis, P., Schultz-Cherry, S., Burnham, A. & Cattoli, G. Astrovirus infections in humans and animals–molecular biology, genetic diversity, and interspecies transmissions. Infect. Genet. Evol. 11, 1529-1544 (2011).
38. Finkbeiner, S. R., Le, B. M., Holtz, L. R., Storch, G. A. & Wang, D. Detection of newly described astrovirus MLB1 in stool samples from children. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 15, 441-444 (2009).
39. Kumar, S., Stecher, G., Li, M., Knyaz, C. & Tamura, K. MEGA X: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis across computing platforms. Mol. Biol. Evol. 35, 1547-1549 (2018).
40. Tamura, K. Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions when there are strong transition-transversion and G+C-content biases. Mol. Biol. Evol. 9, 678-687 (1992).