Objective: This research aimed to investigate the curative effect of oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis.
Methods: A total of 32 patients, including 18 males and 14 females (29-58 years old, with the mean age of 47) who were admitted to our hospital from October 2016 to June 2020 and treated with oblique lateral interbody fusion combined with vertebral screw internal fixation, were retrospectively collected. The segmental distribution of lesions was L2- L316 cases, L3-L411 cases and L4-L55 cases. At first, preoperative antituberculous drug treatment was standardized for 2-4 weeks. Furthermore, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative complications, ESR, CRP, VAS, JOA and ASIA scores were recorded before and after surgery and at the last follow-up. In addition, antituberculous drug therapy was regulated continuously after surgery.
Results: All patients were followed up for 12-17 months, with an average of 14 months. ① The average operation time was (132.5±21.4) min, and the intraoperative blood loss was (227.3±43.1) ml. ② Preoperative ESR was (74.56±15.43) mmol/h, and CRP was (43.21±19.37) mg/L. Seven days after surgery, ESR was (42.37±19.26) mmol/h, and CRP was (22.51±18.42) mg/L. In the last follow-up, ESR was (9.25±4.13) mmol/h, and CRP was (8.17±3.21) mg/L. They have statistically significant differences before surgery, seven days after the surgery and in the last follow-up (P<0.05). ③ The average VAS score before surgery was (7.21±1.40) points, the average JOA score was (18.24±4.13) points, the average VAS score seven days after surgery was (2.23±1.32) points, the average JOA score was (24.72±3.19) points, and the average VAS score in the last follow-up was (1.63±0.54) points. JOA score was (27.72±2.61). They have statistically significant differences before surgery, seven days after the surgery and in the last follow-up (P<0.05) ④Six patients had neurologic symptoms with ASIA grade D before surgery, 2 patients recovered to Grade E seven days after surgery, and the remaining 4 patients also recovered to grade E in the last follow-up. Besides, 26 patients were graded as Grade E before surgery, seven days after surgery and in the last follow-up. ⑤ After surgery, 1 patient suffered psoas major muscle damage, which was manifested as reduced hip flexion strength of the lower extremity, and returned to normal three weeks later. Apart from that, none of the patients had complications such as abdominal organ injury and poor wound healing.
Conclusion: OLIF is a new minimally invasive method for treating lumbar tuberculosis, with short operation time, less blood loss, convenient operation, thorough removal of lesions, and good long-term follow-up effect. It is worthy of promotion and application.