Background: Ovarian cancer remains as one of the deadliest gynecologic problems globally. Often appears in advanced state, its surgery proves to be a challenge for clinicians. This study aim to present complications surrounding ovarian cancer surgery.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study to analyze reports of intraoperative and postoperative complications in ovarian cancer patients undergoing laparotomy in Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital, Jakarta from January 2018 to December 2019. Ovarian cancer patients undergoing laparotomy surgery were included in the study. Patients with a history of other cancers or having incomplete data were excluded from the study. Intraoperative complications included intestinal, ureter, bladder injury, and postoperative complications included paralytic ileus, surgical wound infection and sepsis were documented.
Results: A total of 78 subjects were included in the study. The total proportion of complications was 19.2%. The most prevalent intraoperative complications were intestinal injury (12.8%), bladder injury (2.6%), and ureter injury (1.3%). Most prevalent postoperative complications reported were surgical wound infection (5.2%), sepsis (3.9%), while none of the patients had paralytic ileus.
Conclusion: The proportion of intraoperative and postoperative complications in ovarian cancer surgery was still at alarming level (19.2%). Further steps are needed to ameliorate the rate of complications surrounding ovarian cancer surgery.