Based on the summer precipitation data of 328 stations in Southwest China in 50 years and the reanalysis data of NCEP / NCAR monthly geopotential height field, and wind field, the relationship between summer precipitation in Southwest China and East Asia Pacific teleconnection pattern (EAP) and Scandinavian teleconnection pattern (SCA) is explored by using EOF, correlation analysis and synthetic analysis. The research results show that: the summer precipitation distribution in Southwest China is mainly divided into two types: the whole region consistent type and the north-south contrary type. EAP teleconnection patterns and SCA teleconnection patterns have a significant negative correlation with the precipitation in Southwest China during the same period. In the active year (teleconnection indices >= 0.3 or <= 0.3), the two teleconnection patterns mostly appear in the same phase, and the distribution of the precipitation is consistent with the second mode distribution of the EOF for summer precipitation in Southwest China, showing a north-south contrary distribution in Southwest China. The two types of teleconnections are divided into two configurations, both of which are positive phase (configuration I), and both are negative phase (configuration II). Configuration I, the summer precipitation in Southwest China presents the distribution of "more in the south and less in the north"; configuration II, the distribution of precipitation is opposite to that configuration I, showing the distribution of "more in the north and less in the south".