AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activators can improve inflammatory pain and neuropathic pain. Inflammation translocate signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) to the nuclei of activated macrophages, and STAT3 phosphorylation promotes the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS). We determined whether AMPK activation alleviate inflammatory pain via STAT3 nuclear translocation and phosphorylation. In this study, immunoblotting was used to measure the expression of p-AMPK, and iNOS. Immunoblotting and immunofluorescence were used to detect the nuclear translocation of p-STAT3(Ser727) and STAT3 in macrophages of local inflammatory tissues. Flow cytometry was used to measure reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and mitochondrial damage. AMPK activation with AICAR significantly alleviated pain hypersensitivity and inhibited the expression of iNOS in complete Freund's adjust (CFA)-induced inflamed skin tissues. CFA caused nuclear translocation of STAT3 and p-STAT3(Ser727) in macrophages of inflamed skin tissues. AICAR inhibited nuclear translocation of STAT3 and p-STAT3(Ser727) and promoted the phosphorylation of STAT3(Ser727) in the cytoplasm of macrophages. AICAR also inhibited the expression of iNOS and nuclear translocation of STAT3 and p-STAT3(Ser727), and promoted the phosphorylation of STAT3(Ser727) in NR8383 macrophages treated with CFA. AMPK activation also inhibited the ROS generation and the mitochondrial damage of NR8383 macrophages caused by CFA. In addition, transfection of STAT3 S727D decreased ROS and alleviated mitochondrial damage. In conclusion, Activation of AMPK attenuates inflammatory pain and suppresses STAT3 nuclear translocation and phosphorylation of STAT3(Ser727) in macrophages, resulting in reduced iNOS. Activation of AMPK also promotes phosphorylation of STAT3(Ser727) in the cytoplasm of macrophages to alleviate ROS accumulation and mitochondrial damage associated with inflammation.