Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a preventable disease, but the implementing effect of preventive measures is not optimistic, and few patients receive optimal prophylaxis, which result in significant mortality, long-term complications and financial burden. The purpose of the article was to explore the effect of knowledge translation on suspected venous thromboembolism in hospitalized patients on admission.
Methods The data of suspected VTE patients on admission was retrospectively collected from the Second Xiangya Hospital from October 2016 to September 2020. The Mann-Whitney test and Fisher’s exact test (or χ 2 test) were used to analyze the continuous and categorical variables. A decision tree model was developed to assess the cost-effectiveness of post-prophylaxis education compared with pre-prophylaxis education. The ranges of each parameter were set to perform sensitivity analysis.
Results The awareness of preventable VTE has raised which expressed in the increasing use of Caprini score, incidence of VTE, and department distribution of suspected VTE patients on admission. The incremental cost effectiveness ratio was a negative value which was significantly smaller than willing to pay (WTP). When the WTP value was ¥212676, the probability of patients' acceptance was 84.3% in the post-prophylaxis group and 15.7% in the pre-prophylaxis group. No matter how WTP changed, the cost-effectiveness acceptability of post-prophylaxis education in preventing VTE after hospitalization was better than pre-prophylaxis education did.
Conclusion Knowledge translation on VTE could have cost effectiveness on suspected VTE in hospitalized patients on admission.