Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, synthesized by two isoforms of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD): GAD65 and GAD67. GABA may act as a trophic factor during brain development, but its contribution to the development and maturation of cerebellar neural circuits is not known. To understand the roles of GABA in cerebellar development and associated functions in motor coordination and balance, we examined GAD65 conventional knock out (KO) mice and mice in which GAD67 was eliminated in parvalbumin-expressing neurons ( PV-Cre ; GAD67 flox/flox mice). We found aberrant subcellular localization of the Shaker-type K channel Kv1.1 in basket cell collaterals of PV-Cre ; GAD67 flox/flox mice and abnormal projections from basket cells to Purkinje cells in both mouse strains. Furthermore, PV-Cre ; GAD67 flox/flox mice exhibited abnormal motor coordination in the rotarod test. These results indicate that GABA signaling in the cerebellum during development is critical for establishing appropriate connections between basket cells and Purkinje cells and is associated with motor coordination in mice.