Socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents
A total of three hundred ninety-eight reproductive age women with disability groups have participated with a response rate of 95.2%. The age of women ranges from 15 - 40, with the mean age of 23.15 (SD ± 5.1) years. About ninety-six women (24.1%) of women and twenty-four (15.1%) of partners of those who are married/union never been enrolled in formal education. A total of one hundred twenty respondents were employed represented by (31.2%) while 118(29.6%) was a student and 107(26.9%) were unemployed. Respondents who were protestant followers accounted for 288(72.4%), followed by 99(24.9%) who were orthodox and the rest were others including Muslim, Catholic, Adventist 11(2.9%). About 76(19.1%) of the respondents were categorized as having low household income and 86(21.6%) as moderate while 236(59.3%) were categorized as having high household income (table 1).
Reproductive health characteristics of the study population
A total of two hundred forty women of those has started sexual intercourse. Eighty-five respondents have given birth of which only 11.76% of the respondents had experienced child loss or death. A majority (63%) of the women reported having the desire to have children after two years and 8.8% desired no or no more children while the remaining 28.2% want within two years (table 2).
Client characteristics related factors
One hundred forty women with disabilities discuss with their partner. On the other end, 69.2% supported by their partner to use family planning. Majority disabilities around 71 percent of the women are physically disabled.
One hundred eighty-seven reproductive age women with disabilities are exposed to media and the rest are not.
General knowledge about family planning
The collected information regarding knowledge of contraceptive methods was after describing each method and asking respondents if she had heard of it. Using this approach, interviewers collected information about 9 modern family planning methods and two traditional methods. Knowledge of at least one method of contraception likely to have about it is 79.9%.
Attitude towards family planning use
Concerning the level of attitude towards family planning, about 41 % of the respondents have negative Attitudes. More than half of the respondents (59%) had positive attitudes towards family planning use
Facility related factor
Almost more than half of reproductive-age women with disabilities think SRH serves was not friendly.
The proportion of family planning use
Around(one-third of the participants )134 (33.7 %:95% CI, 0.29-0.38)) of all reproductive-age women with disabilities are currently using a contraceptive. The most frequently used contraceptive methods are injectable 50% (n=67) followed by implants 25% (n=34).
Reason for not using contraceptive
Study participants were asked why they are not currently using family planning. From the multiple reasons they have given the highest reason was being single with 134 frequencies.
Factors affecting family planning utilization
Variables Age of the women , Marital status, women education, Media exposure, Occupation women, Household income, Attitude, Parity , knowledge and thinking sexual and health service friendly signify who are significantly associated with dependent variable at bivariate analysis and P-value <0.25 were further analyzed in the multivariate analysis to identify their related effects with family planning.
The odds of women to use family planning methods were AOR=2.2(1.77- 4.15) times higher among those who have employed compared with those with not employed.
Women with disabilities who had were positive attitude AOR=2.4(1.43-3.98) time to use family planning methods compared with those who were a negative attitude
The study also indicated that the odds of family planning use were AOR=3.95 (2.33- 6.70) times higher among those women with disabilities who had currently married on the use of family planning methods compared with those who did not have currently married (table 3).