DAXX and ATRX are tumor suppressor proteins that form a histone H3.3 chaperone complex and are frequently mutated in cancers with the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT), such as pediatric glioblastoma. Rapid loss of function of either DAXX or ATRX are not by themselves sufficient to induce the ALT phenotype. However, cells lacking DAXX or ATRX can be readily selected for ALT-like features. Here, we show that DAXX and ATRX null glioblastoma cells with ALT-like features have defects in p53 chromatin binding and DNA damage response regulation. RNA-seq analysis of DAXX or ATRX null U87 glioblastoma cells with ALT-like features revealed that p53 pathway is among perturbed. ALT-selected DAXX and ATRX-null cells had aberrant response to DNA damaging agent etoposide. Both DAXX and ATRX-null ALT cells showed a loss of p53 binding at a subset of response elements. Complementation of DAXX null cells with a wild-type DAXX transgene rescued p53 binding and transcription, while the tumor associated mutation L130R that disrupts ATRX binding was incapable of rescuing p53 chromatin binding. We show that histone H3.3 binding is reduced in DAXX-null cells especially at subtelomeric p53 binding sites and telomere repeats. These findings indicate that DAXX and ATRX function to enable p53 chromatin binding through modulation of histone H3.3 binding, especially at sub-telomeric sites.