Communication between glial cells has a profound effect on the pathophysiology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we reveal a role of reactive astrocytes in enforcing cell distancing in the glial nets surrounding amyloid plaques, which restricts microglial coverage of Aβ, a prerequisite to detect and engulf amyloid deposits. This process is mediated through guidance receptor Plexin-B1, which we identified as a key network regulator of late-onset AD. We show that Plexin-B1 is robustly upregulated in plaque-associated astrocytes in a corona-like pattern, and its expression levels correlate with plaque burden and disease severity in AD patients. In APP/PS1 mice, an amyloidogenic model of AD, removing Plexin-B1 led to smaller peri-plaque glial nets with relaxed cell distancing and enhanced glial coverage of Aβ plaques, as well as transcriptional changes in both reactive astrocytes and disease-associated microglia that are linked to glial activation and amyloid clearance. Furthermore, amyloid plaque burden was lowered, together with a shift towards dense-core plaques and reduced neuritic dystrophy. Our data thus support a role of Plexin-B1 in controlling glial net structure by imposing cell distancing, leading to poor glial coverage of Aβ, reduced amyloid clearance and compaction. Relaxing cell distancing by targeting guidance receptors may present an alternative strategy to alleviate neuroinflammation in AD by improving glial coverage of Aβ amyloid and plaque compaction.