**Background:**

To investigate the accurate formulas for eyes with axial length (AL) lower than 22 millimeters among usually used six intraocular lens (IOL) calculation formulas.

**Methods**

A total of 122 eyes with short ALs that is lower than 22 mm of 122 patients who underwent phacoemulsification surgery with the same type of IOL implantation were included in this retrospective study. The biometric values of the patients were obtained by using optical low coherence reflectometry (OLCR) for six formulas involving Hoffer Q, SRK-T, Haigis, Barett Universal II, Holladay 2 and Hill-RBF. All patients had a postoperative best corrected visual acuity level that is equal or higher than 20/40. While comparing the accuracy of these six IOL calculation formulas, the mean absolute error (MAE), and the median absolute error (MedAE) values were taken into account.

**Results**

The MAE values for Hoffer Q, SRK-T, Haigis, Holladay 2, Hill-RBF and Barrett Universal II formulas were 0.390, 0.390, 0.324, 0.327, 0.331 and 0.208 respectively. Also the rank of MedAE values for the mentioned formulas was 0.245, 0.310, 0.310, 0.250, 0.255 and 0.190. The lowest MAE and MedAE value was found in Barrett Universal II formula, whereas the highest one was in the SRK/T formula with a statistical significance (p<0.001). After Bonferroni correction, there were no statistically significant difference between Barret Universal II formula and the other formulas except SRK/T (p>0.01). Three patients (2.5%) were in the ±0.75 D range, 15 patients (12.3%) were in the ±0.50 D, and the remaining 104 (85.2%) patients were in the ±0.25 D at the first month follow-up.

**Conclusions**

Although Barrett Universal II appears to be the most accurate IOL calculation formula, third, fourth and other newer generation formulas have also a good predictive value for accurate estimation of IOL power in short eyes.