1. Popkin BM. Global nutrition dynamics: The world is shifting rapidly toward a diet linked with noncommunicable diseases. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;84(2):289–98.
2. Cuevas Garciá-Dorado S, Cornselsen L, Smith R, Walls H. Economic globalization, nutrition and health: A review of quantitative evidence. Global Health. 2019;15(1):1–19.
3. UNICEF. The state of the world’s children 2019. Children, food and nutrition: Growing well in a changing world. New York: UNICEF; 2019.
4. Shetty PS. Nutrition transition in India. Public Health Nutr. 2002;5(1A):175–82.
5. Misra A, Singhal N, Sivakumar B, Bhagat N, Jaiswal A, Khurana L. Nutrition transition in India: Secular trends in dietary intake and their relationship to diet-related non-communicable diseases. J Diabetes. 2011;3(4):278–92.
6. Vaz M, Yusuf S, Bharathi AV, Kurpad A V., Swaminathan S. The nutrition transition in India Dietary profiles in India. South African J Clin Nutr. 2002;198–201.
7. Aurino E, Fernandes M, Penny ME. The nutrition transition and adolescents’ diets in low- and middle-income countries: A cross-cohort comparison. Public Health Nutr. 2017;20(1):72–81.
8. Ochola S, Masibo PK iny. Dietary intake of schoolchildren and adolescents in developing countries. Ann Nutr Metab. 2014;64:24–40.
9. Manyanga T, Tremblay MS, Chaput JP, Katzmarzyk PT, Fogelholm M, Hu G, et al. Socioeconomic status and dietary patterns in children from around the world: Different associations by levels of country human development? BMC Public Health. 2017;17(1):1–11.
10. Murphy SP, Vorster HH. Methods for using nutrient intake values (NIVs) to assess or plan nutrient intakes. Food Nutr Bull. 2007;28(1 SUPPL. 1):51–60.
11. Indian Council of Medical Research. Nutrient requirements and recommended dietary allowances for Indians. A report of the expert group of the Indian Council of Medical Research. Expert Group of the Indian Council of Medical Research. Hyderabad, India: Nationaal Institute of Nutrition, ICMR; 2010. 1–334 p.
12. National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau. Prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies. Hyderabad, India: Nationaal Institute of Nutrition, ICMR; 2003.
13. Government of India. India in figures 2018 [Internet]. New Delhi: Social Statistics Division, Central statistics office, Ministry of statistics and programme implementation, Government of India; 2018. Available from: www.mospi.gov.in
14. Burrows TL, Martin RJ, Collins CE. A Systematic Review of the Validity of Dietary Assessment Methods in Children when Compared with the Method of Doubly Labeled Water. J Am Diet Assoc [Internet]. 2010;110(10):1501–10. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2010.07.008
15. Bharathi AV, Kurpad AV, Thomas T, Yusuf S, Saraswathi G, Vaz M. Development of food frequency questionnaires and a nutrient database for the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiological (PURE) pilot study in South India: methodological issues. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2008;17(1):178–85.
16. Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes. The essential guide to nutrient requirements. Otten JJ, Hellwig JP, Linda D, editors. Washington, D.C: Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine; 2006. 0–309 p.
17. Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes: Applications in dietary assessment. A Report of the Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes and the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes. Washington, D.C: Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine; 2000. 1–306 p.
18. Beaton GH. Approaches to analysis of dietary data: relationship between planned analyses and choice of methodology. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994;(59):253S-261S.
19. Ghosh S, Sinha S, Shivakumar N, Thomas T, Sachdev HS, Kurpad A V. Daily Iron Requirements in Healthy Indian Children and Adolescents. Indian Pediatr. 2019;56(7):551–5.
20. de Onis M, Onyango AW, Borghi E, Siyam A, Nishida C, Siekmann J. Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. Bull World Health Organ. 2007;85(9):660–7.
21. Cheng HL, Amatoury M, Steinbeck K. Energy expenditure and intake during puberty in healthy nonobese adolescents: A systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;104(4):1061–74.
22. Varì R, Scazzocchio B, Papa S Del. Dietary habits and gender differences. Ital J Gender-Specific Med. 2017;3(2):55–8.
23. Li KK, Concepcion RY, Lee H, Cardinal BJ, Ebbeck V, Woekel E, et al. An Examination of Sex Differences in Relation to the Eating Habits and Nutrient Intakes of University Students. J Nutr Educ Behav [Internet]. 2012;44(3):246–50. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2010.10.002
24. Leblanc V, Begin C, Corneau L, Dodin S, Lemieux S. Gender differences in dietary intakes : what is the contribution of motivational variables ? J Hum Nutr Diet. 2015;28:37–46.
25. Kabir A, Miah S, Islam A. Factors influencing eating behavior and dietary intake among resident students in a public university in Bangladesh: A qualitative study. PLoS One. 2018;13(6):1–17.
26. Kanter R, Caballero B. Global gender disparities in obesity : A Review. Adv Nutr. 2012;3:491–8.
27. Keller KL, Kling SMR, Fuchs B, Pearce AL, Reigh NA, Masterson T, et al. A biopsychosocial model of sex differences in children’s eating behaviors. Nutrients. 2019;
28. Leblanc V, Hudon AM, Royer MM, Corneau L, Dodin S, Bégin C, et al. Differences between men and women in dietary intakes and metabolic profile in response to a 12-week nutritional intervention promoting the Mediterranean diet. J Nutr Sci. 2015;4:1–11.
29. Manippa V, Padulo C, van der Laan LN, Brancucci A. Gender differences in food choice: Effects of superior temporal sulcus stimulation. Front Hum Neurosci. 2017;11(December):1–9.
30. Asarian L, Geary N. Sex differences in the physiology of eating. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 305. 2013;305:R1215–R1267.
31. Wardle J, Haase AM, Steptoe A, Nillapun M, Jonwutiwes K, Bellisle F. Gender differences in food choice : The contribution of health beliefs and dieting. Ann Behav Med. 2004;27(2):107–16.
32. Pei Z, Flexeder C, Fuertes E, Standl M, Buyken A, Berdel D, et al. Food intake and overweight in school-aged children in Germany: Results of the GINIplus and LISAplus Studies. Ann Nutr Metab. 2014;64(1):60–70.
33. Ranjani H, Mehreen T, Pradeepa R, Anjana RM, Garg R, Krishnan A, et al. Epidemiology of childhood overweight & obesity in India: A systematic review. Indian J Med Res. 2016;143(2):160–74.
34. Swaminathan S, Thomas T, Kurpad AV, Vaz M. Dietary patterns in urban school children in South India. Indian Pediatr. 2007;44(8):593–6.
35. Vaz M, Swaminathan S. Childhood Physical Activity, Sports and Exercise and Noncommunicable Disease: A Special Focus on India. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2012.
36. International Institute for Population Sciences I. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4). Mumbai, India: IIPS; 2017. 199–249 p.
37. Sweeting HN. Gendered dimensions of obesity in childhood and adolescence. Nutr J. 2008;7(1):1–14.
38. Foster E, Bradley J. Methodological considerations and future insights for 24-hour dietary recall assessment in children. Nutr Res. 2018;51:1–11.
39. Baxter DS, Smith AF, Nichols MD, Guinn CH, Hardin JW. Children’s dietary reporting accuracy over multiple 24-hour recalls varies by body mass index category. Nutr Res. 2006;26(6):241–8.
40. Perks SM, Roemmich JN, Sandow-Pajewski M, Clark PA, Thomas E, Weltman A, et al. Alterations in growth and body composition during puberty. IV. Energy intake estimated by the Youth-Adolescent Food-Frequency Questionnaire: Validation by the doubly labeled water method. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000;72(6):1455–60.
41. Fisher JO, Johnson RK, Lindquist C, Birch LL, Goran MI. Influence of body composition on the accuracy of reported energy intake in children. Obes Res. 2000;8(8):597–603.
42. Livingstone MBE, Robson PJ. Measurement of dietary intake in children. Proc Nutr Soc. 2000;59(2):279–93.
43. Livingstone MBE, Robson PJ, Wallace JMW. Issues in dietary intake assessment of children and adolescents. Br J Nutr. 2004;92(S2):S213–22.
44. Papandreou D, Makedou K, Zormpa A, Karampola M, Ioannou A, Hitoglou-Makedou A. Are dietary intakes related to obesity in children? Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2016;4(2):194–9.