Background: With the continuing growth of learning resources, it is important to explore and analyze the effectiveness of a teaching method. Case-based learning (CBL) is defined in a number of ways depending on the discipline and type of ‘case’ employed. Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), a more objective and comprehensive assessment tool which could be used to evaluate clinical operation skills of clinical medical staff and students.
Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of CBL, in terms of students’ feedback and formative OSCE grades.
Method: In the Chinese eight-year medical program practice stage, CBL teaching is carried out, and the results of OSCE are used to evaluate the effect of CBL teaching. The eight-year internship students were randomly divided into the traditional teaching group (TT group) (n=26) and the CBL group (n=24).
Result: The scores of the CBL group in the ability to collect medical history, operation of basic skills, test bank answers were all statistically better than those of TT group (p <0.05). The physical examination ability score in CBL group was higher than the TT group but was not statistical different (p>0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed that the performance of the CBL teaching group was better than that of the TT group. The OSCE assessment is objective and comprehensive, but lacks analysis of abilities such as literature review, English skills and problems encountered in CBL teaching, which still needs further study to better promote CBL teaching.