For analyzing behaviors of hairiness entanglement during fabric pilling, nonlinear dynamic motion equations are deduced based on the elastic thin rod element, combined with the moving characteristics of hairiness, which follow the principles of mechanical equilibrium and energy conservation. The finite element simulation model of the effects of hairiness performance on behaviors of hairiness entanglement was established by ABAQUS. The analysis solution values of nonlinear dynamics were compared with the finite element simulation results. The results showed that hairiness elastic modulus, hairiness friction coefficient and hairiness diameter have significant effects on frictional dissipation energy, strain energy and kinetic energy produced by hairiness entanglement during pilling. Compared the finite element simulation results with analysis solution values, they are in good agreement. The fitness is greater than 0.96, which verifies the validity of finite element method.